Child Health Nurs Res.  2013 Jul;19(3):159-167.

Health Status of Vulnerable Preschool Children and Their Mothers' Health Management

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. iskwon@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to find out preschool children's health status and their mothers' health management in the vulnerable classes.
METHODS
The assessment tool was developed, taken into consideration existing studies, materials produced by the customized visiting health care system, and review of visiting nurses of health centers and related experts. Data were collected January to February 2010 from 259 mothers by visiting nurses, and analyzed using SAS program for descriptive statistics.
RESULTS
Body weight less than 3 percentile was found for 5.0% children and over 97 percentile for 7.7%. Atopy was found in 17.8% children, no hand-washing after toileting and before meal in 30.9% and 36.7% respectively, no breakfast in 15.8%, and irregular meal in 32.0%. Sex education was made by 45.7% mothers, regular dental check by 56.6%, and hearing and eyesight test by 61.1% and 66.8% respectively. Home environment for upbringing is 34.3 in the scale of 41, and accident prevention 17.5 in the scale of 22.
CONCLUSION
It is necessary to make an intervention on children's weight, personal sanitation and meal time in the vulnerable classes. Mothers need to be educated for appropriate health care, and home environments to improve upbringing and accident prevention.

Keyword

Preschool child; Health status; Health behavior

MeSH Terms

Accident Prevention
Body Weight
Breakfast
Child
Child, Preschool
Community Health Nursing
Delivery of Health Care
Health Behavior
Hearing
Humans
Meals
Mothers
Phenothiazines
Sanitation
Sex Education
Phenothiazines
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