Korean J Med.  2015 Feb;88(2):236-240. 10.3904/kjm.2015.88.2.236.

HIV-Infected Patients with Osteoporotic Fractures: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Affiliations
  • 1Center for Infectious Diseases, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. hyoungsshin@gmail.com

Abstract

The average life expectancy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has improved dramatically following the advent of highly active anti-retroviral therapy. However, this increased life expectancy has led to a greater incidence of non-acquired immune deficiency syndrome related diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and other malignancies. Increased bone fragility is also a significant concern, with the incidence of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures 3- and 2-times more likely, respectively, among HIV-infected patients. Bone mineral density screenings for osteoporosis will therefore become more important as the HIV-infected population ages. Here, we describe six cases of osteoporotic fractures in HIV-infected patients in Korea.

Keyword

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); Osteoporosis; Fracture

MeSH Terms

Bone Density
Cardiovascular Diseases
HIV
Humans
Incidence
Korea
Life Expectancy
Mass Screening
Osteoporosis
Osteoporotic Fractures*
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