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Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Tasaka S

In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a wellk-nown opportunistic infection and its management has been established. However, PCP is an emerging threat to immunocompromised patients...
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HIV-negative plasmablastic lymphoma: report of 8 cases and a comprehensive review of 394 published cases

Li YJ, Li JW, Chen KL, Li J, Zhong MZ, Liu XL, Yi PY, Zhou H

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare entity of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The clinicopathological features of and optimal treatment for HIV-negative PBL remain largely...
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Determining the Neurocognitive Status and the Functional Ability of Patients to Screen for HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND)

Agarwal R, Aujla RS, Gupta A, Kumar M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To adequately evaluate the extent of neurocognitive impairment in patient living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), a battery of neuropsychological tests is typically administered which are neither...
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Bilateral Acute Angle Closure Attack and Choroidal Detachment in Patient with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Park KH, Lee JJ, Lee JW, Lee JE

PURPOSE: To report a case of simultaneous bilateral acute angle closure attack combined with bilateral choroidal detachment in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old male...
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The HIV Care Cascade in Korea: Status of UNAIDS 90-90-90 Targets

Choi JY

No abstract available.
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Estimation of the Number of HIV Infections and Time to Diagnosis in the Korea

Lee E, Kim J, Lee JY, Bang JH

BACKGROUND: Statistical data of undiagnosed people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are of great importance to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection control. This study estimated the total number of...
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Disease-Specific Mortality and Prevalence Trends in Korea, 2002–2015

Shin Y, Park B, Lee HA, Park B, Han H, Choi EJ, Kim NE, Park H

BACKGROUND: Evaluation of mortality and prevalence trends is important for health planning and priority decision-making in health policy. This study was performed to examine disease-specific mortality and prevalence trends for...
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Significance of Decreasing Rate of HIV and HBV Co-infection in a Nationwide Korean HIV/AIDS Cohort

Kim Y, Kim SW, Kwon KT, Chang HH, Jun Y, Sohn JW, Park DW, Song JY, Choi JY, Kim HY, Kim JM, Choi BY, Choi Y, Kee MK, Yoo MS, Lee JG

From December 2006 to December 2016, 1093 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) individuals < 70 years enrolled in Korea human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) cohort were analyzed to investigate...
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Effectiveness of Intravenous Isoniazid and Ethambutol Administration in Patients with Tuberculosis Meningoencephalitis and HIV Infection

Butov D, Feshchenko Y, Kuzhko M, Gumenuik M, Yurko K, Grygorova , Tkachenko , Nekrasova , Tlustova T, Kikinchuk , Peshenko A, Butova T

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of intravenous isoniazid (H) and ethambutol (E) administered in patients with new sputum positive drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) with...
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Usefulness Analysis of Urine Samples for Early Screening of Human Papilloma Virus Infection

Choi YS, Jin H, Lee KE

Human papilloma virus (HPV) is known to be a major cause of cervical cancer. In Korea, although the mortality of cervical cancer has decreased, HPV infection rates are increasing rapidly...
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Perirenal and epicardial fat and their association with carotid intima-media thickness in children

López-Bermejo A, Prats-Puig A, Osiniri I, Martínez-Calcerrada JM, Bassols J

Recent data suggest that subclinical atherosclerosis is more related to visceral adipose tissue distribution than to overall fat mass. Both perirenal fat and epicardial fat are visceral fat depots surrounding...
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An integrated analysis of elbasvir/grazoprevir in Korean patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b infection

Lee YJ, Heo J, Kim DY, Chung WJ, Tak WY, Kim YJ, Paik SW, Sim E, Kulasingam S, Talwani R, Haber B, Hwang P

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the Republic of Korea, an estimated 231,000 individuals have chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of the present analysis was to evaluate the safety and efficacy...
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Relapsed Leprosy with Multiple Ulcerative Skin Lesions: A Case Report

Jeong HH, Hong SG, Park JM, Kim JP, Heo EP, Go JW

Leprosy is a chronic infectious and granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It is treated with a multidrug therapy (MDT), which is consisted of dapsone, rifampicin, and clofazimine. However, there...
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Skin Disease in Korean Human Immunodeficiency Virus Patient

Jung HJ, Ahn JY, Jang DH, Lee JI, Bae JY, Park MY

BACKGROUND: In Korea, new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients continue to be diagnosed. Due to the development of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and lengthening of survival period of infected...
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The First Acanthamoeba keratitis Case of Non-Contact Lens Wearer with HIV Infection in Thailand

Tananuvat , Techajongjintana N, Somboon P, Wannasan A

Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a rare sight-threatening corneal infection, often reporting from contact lens wearers. An asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected Thai male without history of contact lens use complained...
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Body Cavity–Based Lymphoma in a Country with Low Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevalence: A Series of 17 Cases from the Consortium for Improving Survival of Lymphoma

Shin J, Ko YH, Oh SY, Yoon DH, Lee JO, Kim JS, Park Y, Shin HJ, Kim SJ, Won JH, Yoon SS, Kim WS, Koh Y, On behalf of the Consortium for Improving Survival of Lymphoma investigators

PURPOSE: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a type of body cavity–based lymphoma (BCBL). Most patients with PEL are severely immunocompromised and seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We investigated the...
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Good Agreement between an Interferon Gamma Release Assay and Tuberculin Skin Tests in Testing for Latent Tuberculosis Infection among HIV-Infected Patients in Indonesia

Reviono R, Saptawati , Redhono D, Suryawati

BACKGROUND: Latent tuberculosis infection is a condition where there is a persistent immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis without clinical manifestations of tuberculosis. Currently, there is no gold standard to diagnose...
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Significance of Increased Rapid Treatment from HIV Diagnosis to the First Antiretroviral Therapy in the Recent 20 Years and Its Implications: the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study

Kim YJ, Kim SW, Kwon KT, Chang HH, Kim SI, Kim YJ, Kim MJ, Choi JY, Kim HY, Kim JM, Choi BY, Park BY, Choi YS, Kee MK, Yoo MS, Lee JG

From December 2006 to December 2016, 1,429 patients enrolled in the Korea human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) Cohort Study were investigated. Based on the year of diagnosis, the...
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Kidney transplantation in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: a report of two cases and a review of the literatures

Hwang HP, Yu HC, Kang KP, Kim W, Park SK, Ku JS, Kim H, Lee S

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was traditionally considered an absolute contraindication for transplantation because of concerns about HIV disease progression due to immunosuppression. Since potent antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) have become...
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HIV/AIDS-related lymphoma: perspective from a regional cancer center in India

Rudresha A, Khandare P, Lokanatha , Linu AJ, Suresh Babu MC, Lokesh KN, Rajeev LK, Smitha CS, Amale VB, Premalata , Nikita M

BACKGROUND: India has the third largest population of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). Lymphoma is the second most common malignancy among PLHA. However, data are lacking regarding HIV/AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL)...
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