Ann Coloproctol.  2013 Aug;29(4):150-154. 10.3393/ac.2013.29.4.150.

Optimal Time of Initiating Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Curative Surgery in Colorectal Cancer Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. eastgate@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
Adjuvant chemotherapy is routinely recommended for locally advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). There are very few data for the optimal starting date of adjuvant chemotherapy after the surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of earlier adoption of adjuvant chemotherapy after curative surgery for stage III CRC.
METHODS
In this study, 159 patients with stage III CRC, who had undergone a curative resection, were enrolled retrospectively. Patients were categorized into 3 groups representing different timings to initiate the chemotherapy; less than 2 weeks (group 1), 3 to 4 weeks (group 2), and more than 5 weeks (group 3). The overall survival rate (OS) and the relapse-free survival rate (RFS) were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy.
RESULTS
The 5-year OSs of the patients were 73.7% in group 1, 67.0% in group 2, and 55.2% in group 3. The 5-year RFSs of the patients were 48.8% in group 1, 64.7% in group 2, and 57.1% in group 3. There were no significant differences in either the OS or the RFS (P = 0.200, P = 0.405).
CONCLUSION
Starting chemotherapy earlier than 6 weeks after surgery does not show any significant difference. Thus, although adjuvant chemotherapy should preferably begin within 6 weeks, the starting date should not necessarily be hastened, and the patient's general condition should be taken into consideration.

Keyword

Adjuvant chemotherapy; Colorectal neoplasms; Prognosis; Therapeutic guidelines

MeSH Terms

Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
Colorectal Neoplasms
Humans
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
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