J Korean Assoc Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  1998 Nov;20(4):341-354.

Tissue change after embedding gelatin matrix implant(ffibrel) in subcutaneous tissue of rats; histologic, immunohistochemical and scanning electron microscopic study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Dankook University.
  • 2Department of Pathology, College of Dentistry, Dankook University.

Abstract

GMI(Fibrel) is one of the dermal filling substances which have been successfully used for the treatment of depressed cutaneous scar and wrinkles. It's major components are ; Gelatin powder, which provides a framework for the clot to form and remains stable under the scar, and epsilon-aminocaproic acid, which inhibits the production of fibrinolysin, and Plasma, which provides the necessary ingredients for collagen synthesis. GMI has advantages of low immunogenicity and increased longevity. It has been known to induce fibroblast activity and promote new collagen synthesis. We used 34 Sprague-Dawley rats which were bred under the same condition and duration. 18 of experimental animals were undergone cardiac puncture, and their blood were collected, centrifugated, and stored in freezer. Out of 16 animals, control group were injected with 2ml plasma into the subcutaneous tissue of Lt. scapular, while experimental group were implanted of 2ml GMI into the Rt. same area. Experimental animals were sacrificed at the 3rd day, 5th day, 1st week and 2nd week respectively after implantation of GMI. To observe the histopathologic change of GMI and surrounding tissue reaction of GMI, we had examined with H&E staining, immunohistochemical staining with vimentin, alpha-SMA, S-100 under LM and SEM. The obtained results were as follows; 1. In LM study, the inflammatory cell infiltrations and granulation tissue formation were observed, and muscle tissues were well attached with adipose tissues in the control group. In the experimental group, inflammatory cell infiltrations had been observed by the 2nd week and irregular adipiose tissues and well differentiated mesenchymal tissues were examined. 2. In immunohistochemical study, the experimental group of alpha-SMA study, there were a prominent positive response on endothelial development of granulation tissues and mesenchymal tissues compare with the control group. In vimentin study, positive response on mescenchymal fibroblast continued to 2nd week, but negative in the control group. In S-100 study, both groups were positively responded on irregular adipose tissues. 3. In SEM study, collagen fibers were embedded by the plasma by the 5th day in the control group, and in the 3rd day experiment GMI were resorved but communited with collagen fiber till the 1st week. Collagen fibers were infilt-rated into GMI at the 2nd week and the infilltrated GMI were conglomerated with the mature adipose cells and the collagen fibers. From the above results, GMI implantation in the subcutaneous tissue of Sprague-Dawley rat, the mild infiltration of inflammatory cells were showed till 2nd week and the granulation tissues were observed. GMI were nearly resorbed till 2nd week, but well attached with adipose tissue and collagen fibers. The endothelium and fibroblasts were actively proliferated. Adipose tissues and mesenchymal tissue cells were observed. As already expressed, GMI showed resorptive change in course of time without any early immune reaction, and seemed to induce fibroblast activity and promote new collagen synthesis.


MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Aminocaproic Acid
Animals
Cicatrix
Collagen
Endothelium
Fibrinolysin
Fibroblasts
Gelatin*
Granulation Tissue
Longevity
Plasma
Punctures
Rats*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Subcutaneous Tissue*
Vimentin
Aminocaproic Acid
Collagen
Fibrinolysin
Gelatin
Vimentin
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