J Korean Cancer Assoc.  1998 Dec;30(6):1069-1077.

p53 Mutation in Gastric Carcinoma Detected by PCR - SSCP and Direct - Sequencing

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pathology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea.
  • 2Department of Surgery, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
p53 gene mutations, one of the most common alterations found in human tumors, has also been detected in gastric carcinoma, and shown to have a crucial and early role in gastric carcinogenesis of intestinal type and mainly associated with tumor progression in the cancer of diffuse type. We tried to investigate the frequency of p53 mutations in 27 gastric carcinomas.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Fresh tumor tissue from a series of gastric carcinoma was screened for p53 mutations by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) with silver staining and confirmed by direct-sequencing in 27 cases of gastric carcinoma. Immunohistochemical method for p53 protein accumulation was also performed in the same cases.
RESULTS
Immunohistochemistry revealed 20 of 27 cases of gastric carcinoma, positive for p53. PCR-SSCP analysis of p53 exons 5-8 detected mobility shift in 4 out of 20 p53-positive tumors; three from exon 5 and the other from exon 7, respectively. DNA sequencing of exon 5 showed CGC to CAC point mutation in one of three cases; exon 7, ATC to AAC point mutation. It seemed that there was no correlation between genetic alterations of p53 gene detected by PCR-SSCP and expression of p53 protein by immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSIOAS: Our results suggest that mutations of the p53 gene are rare genetic events in carcinogenesis of gastric carcinomas. There was discrepancy between mutations screened by PCR-SSCP and overexpressions in immunohistochemical staining.

Keyword

p53 gene mutations; Gastric carcinomas; PCR-SSCP

MeSH Terms

Carcinogenesis
Exons
Genes, p53
Humans
Immunohistochemistry
Point Mutation
Polymerase Chain Reaction*
Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational*
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Silver Staining
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