Ewha Med J.  2014 Dec;37(Suppl):S19-S23. 10.12771/emj.2014.37.S.S19.

Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum Complicating with Asthma

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul, Korea. mdjungej@naver.com


Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon disease that is defined as the presence of free air in the mediastinum in the absence of any obvious precipitating cause. This condition occurs as a rare complication of acute exacerbation of asthma. Classic symptoms include retrosternal chest pain, dyspnea and cough, but are not specific. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum complicated by asthma is usually self-limiting and well controlled with conservative management, but this condition can be potentially life threatening. We report a case of 18-year-old woman with asthma who presented with spontaneous pneumomediastinum. The patient was treated conservatively with oxygen and steroid therapy, and her clinical conditions were improved. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum disappeared.


Asthma; Pneumomediastinum
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