Infect Chemother.  2006 Jun;38(3):123-130.

Urinary Tract Infections in Renal Transplant Recipients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. krpeck@smc.samsung.co.kr
  • 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To evaluate urinary tract infections (UTI) in renal transplant recipients in setting where TMP-SMX resistance is quite common.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
All patients underwent renal transplantation at Samsung Medical Center from January 1998 to August 2002 were included with the completion of 2 year-follow-up. TMP- SMX was prophylactically administered during 12 months after renal transplantation. Their medical records and microbiologic data were reviewed, retrospectively.
RESULTS
A total of 336 patients were enrolled (male to female ratio, 191:145; mean age, 39+/-10 years). 146 episodes of UTI were observed in 104 patients (31.0%) within 2 years after renal transplantation. 52 episodes (35.6%) developed during post-transplantation 30 days, and 87 episodes (59.6%) within post-transplantation 6 months. There was no difference in the incidence of UTI with regard to the type of immunosuppressants (P=0.371) or graft rejections (P=0.291). Among the isolated strains, Escherichia coli (E. coli) (51.4%) was the most common, followed by Enterococcus species (12.3%), Pseudomonas species (6.8%), Enterobacter species (6.1%), Coagulase-negative staphylococci (5.5%), and Klebsiella species (5.5%). Among 75 E. coli isolates, rates of resistance to TMP-SMX, ciprofloxacin, ampicillin-sulbactam and ceftriaxone were 62.7%, 34.7%, 33.3%, and 1.0%, respectively. There was no difference in mortality rate related with the occurrence of UTI (P= 0.754).
CONCLUSION
Despite high prevalence of TMP-SMX resistance, post-transplantation UTI is usually mild and does not seem to predispose to increase graft rejection or patient mortality. Nevertheless, because most common episodes of UTI occur within 1 or 6 months of transplantation, further studies are warranted to evaluate if additional preventive strategies during early period are needed.

Keyword

Urinary tract infections; Transplantation; Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

MeSH Terms

Ceftriaxone
Ciprofloxacin
Enterobacter
Enterococcus
Escherichia coli
Female
Graft Rejection
Humans
Immunosuppressive Agents
Incidence
Kidney Transplantation
Klebsiella
Medical Records
Mortality
Prevalence
Pseudomonas
Retrospective Studies
Transplantation*
Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination
Urinary Tract Infections*
Urinary Tract*
Ceftriaxone
Ciprofloxacin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Full Text Links
  • IC
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error