Korean J Anesthesiol.  2015 Aug;68(4):373-378. 10.4097/kjae.2015.68.4.373.

A comparison of postoperative emergence agitation between sevoflurane and thiopental anesthesia induction in pediatric patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Jeonju, Korea. shko@jbnu.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study was performed to compare the incidence of emergence agitation (EA) between inhalation and intravenous anesthesia induction in children after sevoflurane anesthesia.
METHODS
In this prospective and double-blind study, 100 children aged 3 to 7 years were enrolled. Subjects were randomly assigned to the sevoflurane (Group S) or thiopental (Group T) anesthesia induction groups. Anesthesia was induced using 8% sevoflurane and 4-6 mg/kg thiopental in Groups S and T, respectively. Anesthesia was maintained with nitrous oxide and sevoflurane. The children were evaluated at 5 and 20 min after arrival in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) with a four-point agitation scale and the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale. The incidence of EA and administration of the rescue agent were recorded.
RESULTS
The incidence of EA was significantly lower in Group T compared to Group S at 5 min after PACU arrival (3/49 patients, 6% vs. 12/47 patients, 26%, P = 0.019). However, there was no difference between the two groups at 20 min after PACU arrival (23/49 vs. 19/47 patients in Group T vs. Group S, P = 0.425). The overall incidence of EA was 60% (28/47 patients) in Group S and 41% (20/49 patients) in Group T (P = 0.102). The number of children who received propofol as a rescue agent was significantly lower in Group T (Group S: 14/47 vs. Group T: 5/49, P = 0.031).
CONCLUSIONS
Intravenous anesthesia induction with thiopental reduced the incidence of EA in the early PACU period compared to inhalation induction with sevoflurane in 3- to 7-year-old children undergoing sevoflurane anesthesia.

Keyword

Agitation; Pediatrics; Sevoflurane; Thiopental

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia*
Anesthesia, Intravenous
Child
Delirium
Dihydroergotamine*
Double-Blind Method
Humans
Incidence
Inhalation
Nitrous Oxide
Pediatrics
Propofol
Prospective Studies
Thiopental*
Dihydroergotamine
Nitrous Oxide
Propofol
Thiopental

Cited by  1 articles

Risk factors of inadequate emergence following general anesthesia with an emphasis on patients with substance dependence history
Jalil Makarem, Amir Hossein larijani, Babak Eslami, Afshin Jafarzadeh, Kasra Karvandian, Seyed Mohammad Mireskandari
Korean J Anesthesiol. 2020;73(4):302-310.    doi: 10.4097/kja.19214.

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