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Inhaled Loxapine as a Rapid Treatment for Agitation in Patients with Personality Disorder: A Prospective Study on the Effects of Time

Ferrer M, Soto-Angona , Soler-Artigas M, Ibáñez P, Fadeuilhe C, Palma-Álvarez RF, Lidai R, Vargas-Cáceres S, Torrecilla M, López A, Ramos-Quiroga JA

Objective: Agitation in patients diagnosed with personality disorders (PD) is one of the most frequent crises in emergency departments (ED). Although many medications have been tested, their effectiveness has been...
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Change in management and outcome of mechanical ventilation in Korea: a prospective observational study

Sim JK, Lee SM, Kang HK, Kim KC, Kim YS, Kim YS, Lee WY, Park S, Park SY, Park JH, Sim YS, Lee K, Lee YJ, Lee JH, Lee HB, Lim CM, Choi WI, Hong JY, Song WJ, Suh GY

Background/Aims: There are few studies describing contemporary status of mechanical ventilation in Korea. We investigated changes in management and outcome of mechanical ventilation in Korea. Methods: International, prospective observational cohort studies...
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Effects of chlorpheniramine on emergence agitation after general anesthesia for ureteroscopic stone surgery: a retrospective cohort study

Cho CK, Chang M, Lee SJ, Cho SA, Sung TY

Background: The presence of a urinary catheter, postoperative pain, and postoperative nausea and vomiting are risk factors for emergence agitation (EA). Antimuscarinic agents are primary agents used in the prevention...
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2021 KSCCM clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, immobility, and sleep disturbance in the intensive care unit

Seo Y, Lee HJ, Ha EJ, Ha TS

We revised and expanded the “2010 Guideline for the Use of Sedatives and Analgesics in the Adult Intensive Care Unit (ICU).” We revised the 2010 Guideline based mainly on the...
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Effects of dexamethasone on catheter-related bladder discomfort and emergence agitation: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial

Cho SA, Huh I, Lee SJ, Sung TY, Ku GW, Cho CK, Jee YS

Background: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is common in patients with a urinary catheter and is a risk factor for emergence agitation (EA). The mainstay of CRBD management is anticholinergics. Dexamethasone...
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The effect of agitation and evaporating time of a newly released universal adhesive on dentin bond strength

Ahn SM, Park JK, Son SA

Universal adhesives that simplify bonding procedures and be used in multi-etch mode have been developed. In this study, the effects of agitation and solvent evaporation time of a universal adhesive...
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Emergence agitation: current knowledge and unresolved questions

Lee SJ, Sung TY

Emergence agitation (EA), also referred to as emergence delirium, can have clinically significant consequences. The mechanism of EA remains unclear. The proposed risk factors of EA include age, male sex,...
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Risk factors of inadequate emergence following general anesthesia with an emphasis on patients with substance dependence history

Makarem J, larijani AH, Eslami B, Jafarzadeh A, Karvandian K, Mireskandari SM

Background: This study aims to define the incidence and risk factors of both emergence agitation and hypoactive emergence in adult patients and substance-dependent patients following general anesthesia to elaborate on...
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Three minutes propofol after sevoflurane anesthesia to prevent emergence agitation following inguinal hernia repair in children: a randomized controlled trial

Abbas MS, El-Hakeem , Kamel HE

BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common problem after sevoflurane anesthesia among children. There have been mixed results with control of EA using propofol 1 mg/kg bolus following sevoflurane anesthesia....
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Effects of Aromatherapy on Agitation in Patients with Dementia: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis

Kim EK, Park H, Lee CH, Park E

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of aromatherapy on agitation in patients with dementia using a meta-analysis and systemic literature review. METHODS: The EMBASE, CINAHL, MEDLINE,...
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Effects of Two Music Therapy Methods on Agitation and Anxiety among Patients Weaning off Mechanical Ventilation: A Pilot Study

Park JY, Park S

PURPOSE: The feasibility and differential effects of two music therapy methods (interventions with preferred music vs. classical relaxation music) were done to examine the effects on agitation and anxiety in...
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Acute pontine infarction in a patient with persistent left superior vena cava

Jeong DE, Lee J, Hwang W

Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a common venous anomaly of the thorax and usually drains into the right atrium. Less often it drains into the left atrium and...
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A Meta-Analysis of the Variables related to Agitation in Patients with Dementia

Park H, Gang M, Park E

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data about agitation in patients with dementia by surveying the literature. METHODS: Key words used for search through hand-search and electronic...
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A comparison of postoperative emergence agitation between sevoflurane and thiopental anesthesia induction in pediatric patients

Son JS, Jang E, Oh MW, Lee JH, Han YJ, Ko S

BACKGROUND: This study was performed to compare the incidence of emergence agitation (EA) between inhalation and intravenous anesthesia induction in children after sevoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: In this prospective and double-blind study,...
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Risk Factors of Emergence Agitation in Adults Undergoing General Anesthesia for Nasal Surgery

Kim HJ, Kim DK, Kim HY, Kim JK, Choi SW

OBJECTIVES: To identify the incidence and the risk factors of emergence agitation in adults undergoing general anesthesia for nasal surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 792 patients aged > or =18 years...
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Effects of Music Therapy on Agitation in Dementia: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Kong EH, Park M

PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to assess the quality and to evaluate the effectiveness of music interventions in reducing agitation in older adults with dementia. METHODS: Randomized controlled studies...
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Comparison of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms between Early and Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease According to the Progression of Dementia

Yoon YJ, Kim EJ, Hong CH

The aim of this study was to investigate behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) measured by caregiver-administered neuropsychiatric inventory (CGA-NPI) as a function of dementia severity in early onset...
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Clinical Year in Review 2014: Critical Care Medicine

Lee JM, Lee HB

  • KMID: 2320531
  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2014 Jul;77(1):6-12.
Severe sepsis is the most common cause of death among critically ill patients in non-coronary intensive care units. In 2002, the guideline titled "Surviving Sepsis Campaign" was published by American...
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Management of Pain, Agitation and Delirium in the Intensive Care Units

Jeon K

  • KMID: 2269298
  • Korean J Med.
  • 2014 May;86(5):546-556.
Pain, agitation and delirium (PAD) occur frequently in mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Consequently, analgesics and sedatives are frequently administered to critically ill patients with the...
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Low-Dose Dexmedetomidine Reduces Emergence Agitation after Desflurane Anaesthesia in Children Undergoing Strabismus Surgery

Kim J, Kim SY, Lee JH, Kang YR, Koo BN

  • KMID: 2386484
  • Yonsei Med J.
  • 2014 Mar;55(2):508-516.
PURPOSE: Emergence agitation (EA) is frequently observed in children undergoing general anaesthesia. This study tested whether the addition of an intra-operative low-dose infusion of dexmedetomidine to fentanyl treatment reduced the...
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