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Etiology and Related Factors of Postoperative Delirium in Orthopedic Surgery

Song KJ, Ko JH, Kwon TY, Choi BW

BACKGROUND: Delirium is a serious complication for elderly patients after orthopedic surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the etiology and related factors of delirium after orthopedic surgery...
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Dexmedetomidine: present and future directions

Lee S

Dexmedetomidine is a potent, highly selective α-2 adrenoceptor agonist, with sedative, analgesic, anxiolytic, sympatholytic, and opioid-sparing properties. Dexmedetomidine induces a unique sedative response, which shows an easy transition from sleep...
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Characteristics of Delirium in Patients with Hearing Disturbances

Jo YT, Joo SW, Lee J, Joo YH

OBJECTIVES: Several studies have delineated the relationship between hearing disturbances and the prevalence or characteristics of psychotic symptoms; however, most of those studies focused on psychiatric patients and not general...
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The effect of early extubation on postoperative delirium in patients with liver transplantation: a propensity score matching analysis

Choi YM, Choi YJ, Choi EJ, Ri HS, Park JY, Koh KH, Yoon SZ, Cha JR, Lee KS

BACKGROUND: Maintenance of tracheal intubation is associated with use of sedatives, stress due to mechanical ventilation, or respiratory complications. The aim of this study is to compare the incidence of...
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Postoperative pain control by ultrasound guided brachial plexus block reduces emergence delirium in pediatric patients

Hong B, Jung C, Jo Y, Youn S, Kim Y, Chung W, Yoon SH, Shin HD, Lim CS

BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients awakening from general anesthesia may experience emergence delirium (ED), often due to inadequate pain control. Nerve block completely inhibits innervation of the surgical site and is superior...
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Association of Geriatric Syndromes with Urinary Incontinence according to Sex and Urinary-Incontinence-Related Quality of Life in Older Inpatients: A Cross-Sectional Study of an Acute Care Hospital

Kim KJ, Shin J, Choi J, Park JM, Park HK, Lee J, Han SH

BACKGROUND: Geriatric syndromes are associated with morbidity and poor quality of life (QOL). Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the most prevalent geriatric syndromes. However, there is little research on...
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Three minutes propofol after sevoflurane anesthesia to prevent emergence agitation following inguinal hernia repair in children: a randomized controlled trial

Abbas MS, El-Hakeem , Kamel HE

BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common problem after sevoflurane anesthesia among children. There have been mixed results with control of EA using propofol 1 mg/kg bolus following sevoflurane anesthesia....
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Incidence and Procedure-Related Risk Factors of Delirium in Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit

Ahn JS, Oh J, Park J, Kim JJ, Park JY

OBJECTIVES: Although delirium is a common complication among patients hospitalized in intensive care units(ICUs), little is known about the roles that diagnostic and therapeutic procedures play in its development. This...
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Risk Factors of Delirium in ICU Patients with Acute Poisoning

Kim HY, Cha KM, So BH

PURPOSE: This study estimated the incidence of delirium and associated risk factors and outcomes in ICU patients with acute poisoning. METHODS: Data were collected from ICU patients over 18 years of...
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Two Cases of Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia in Cancer Patients Treated with Opioids for Pain Management

Hong S, Kwon JH, Han SJ

Opioids are important drugs for the management of severe cancer pain without a ceiling effect. However, opioid administration leads to dose-limiting complications including drowsiness, hallucinations, delirium, respiratory depression, cognitive impairment,...
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Prevention and management of delirium in critically ill adult patients in the intensive care unit: a review based on the 2018 PADIS guidelines

Park SY, Lee HB

Delirium is an acute, confusional state characterized by altered consciousness and a reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention. It is associated with a number of complex underlying medical...
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Factors associated with Pediatric Delirium in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

Kim HJ, Kim DH

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate incidence of delirium in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and to analyze associated risk factors. METHODS: The participants were 95 patients, newborn to 18...
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Incidence and Associated Factors of Delirium after Orthopedic Surgery

Lee SW, Cho CH, Bae KC, Lee KJ, Son ES, Um SH

PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and associated factors of delirium after orthopedic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2,122 cases, who were older than 20 years and underwent orthopedic surgery...
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Prevalence of Delirium and Risk Factors in Heart Surgery Patients in Intensive Care Unit: A Retrospective study

Noh EY, Park YH

PURPOSE: Delirium is a common symptom among heart surgery patients, and its prevalence is reported to range from 16.0~73.0%. As patients with delirium exhibit multiple negative prognoses, it is important...
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Update on distress management for cancer patients

Kim JH

Many cancer patients experience psychological suffering during their journey from diagnosis, through treatment, to survivorship or the end of life. Their psychological distress can become severe enough to interfere with...
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Diagnosis and Clinical Progress in a Case of Dementia with Lewy Bodies

Lee SS, Kim MJ

Dementia with Lewy bodies(DLB) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease. However, DLB might not be adequately diagnosed due to its variety of clinical symptoms. The authors present 65-year-old Mrs....
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Factors Affecting the Performance of Nurses in Delirium Care

Kang JS, Song HJ

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing nursing performance in caring for patients with delirium. METHODS: This study included 166 nurses who worked for more than...
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Scorecard for early recognition of patients at high risk of delirium in emergency department

Kim JH, Do BS, Lee SB, Kim JH, Park SY

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate scorecards for early recognition of high-risk patients of delirium in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Data from 399 consecutive patients aged 65 years or...
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Postoperative delirium

Oh ST, Park JY

Delirium can be defined as an ‘acute brain dysfunction.’ Compared to dementia, which is a disease that deteriorates the brain function chronically, delirium shows very similar symptoms but is mostly...
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Clinical Features Affecting Antipsychotic Prescription for Delirium Patients

Kim J, Kim MH, Paik SH

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of antipsychotic medication prescription for the symptom control in patients with delirium. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-five patients referred...
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