Korean J Clin Pharm.  2015 Jun;25(2):102-110. 10.0000/kjcp.2015.25.2.102.

Perception Gap between Preceptors and Pharmacy Students on Introductory Pharmacy Practice Education in Community Pharmacy Practice Setting

Affiliations
  • 1Korea Orphan Drug Center, Seoul 135-784, South Korea.
  • 2Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, South Korea. sandy.rhie@ewha.ac.kr
  • 3National Medical Center, Seoul 100-799, South Korea.
  • 4College of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, South Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study was to investigate the perception gap between preceptors and pharmacy students on community pharmacy experiential education.
METHODS
The online survey was performed for 55 preceptors and 215 pharmacy students separately from April 1 to April 30, 2014. The preceptors were who completed community pharmacy practice experience at least a session and the students were who involved in community pharmacy practice for more than 21 days. The questionnaires were prepared based on the lesson contents guideline of Introductory Pharmacy Practice Education of Community Pharmacy by Korea Association of Pharmacy Education. The survey questions were consisted with demographic characteristics, evaluation of student and preceptors, benefits and disadvantages of pharmacy practice for both groups.
RESULTS
A total of 27 (49.1%) preceptors and 103 (47.9%) pharmacy students responded to the survey questionnaires. Preceptors indicated that students lacked face-to-face communication ability with patients, caregivers, and physicians. One of the Benefits of participating in pharmacy practice education as a preceptor included the improvement of self-esteem (70.37%). Disadvantages were identified as workload burden due to teaching and preceptor responsibilities at the same time. All students responded that benefits of experiencing pharmacy practice education were helping them determine their career, and they would consider working in community pharmacies (68.93%). However, handling over-the-counter drugs and communicating with doctors or nurses were identified as barriers. In addition, preceptors and pharmacy students expressed necessity of the standard text books and curriculums.
CONCLUSION
This study identified the perception gap on community pharmacy experiential education between preceptors and pharmacy students. For the successful implementation of pharmacy practice experience, the effective and appropriate methods should be developed.

Keyword

preceptor; pharmacy student; pharmacy experiential education; perception; community pharmacy

MeSH Terms

Caregivers
Communication
Curriculum
Education*
Education, Pharmacy
Humans
Korea
Nonprescription Drugs
Pharmacies*
Pharmacy*
Students, Pharmacy*
Nonprescription Drugs
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