Korean J Clin Pharm.  2017 Jun;27(2):55-62. 10.24304/kjcp.2017.27.2.55.

Providing Effective Feedback within Pharmacy Practice Education

Affiliations
  • 1College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea. jyoon@pusan.ac.kr

Abstract

Experiential education is a core curriculum of pharmacy education. In experiential education, formative feedback is an integral component of learning and teaching process. Feedback is defined as information provided by a preceptor regarding student's performance based on direct observation. With effective feedback, students can have opportunities to reinforce or correct behaviors and to acquire knowledge or skills. Students highly value and appreciate feedback. They rank provision of effective feedback as one of the most important qualities of preceptors. Preceptors, however, lack an understanding of feedback or practical skills necessary for providing effective feedback. As a result in reality, the feedback provided to students can be differentially effective in improving students' learning. This article describes a theoretical understanding of feedback including definition and value, as well as types of feedback. In addition, practical aspects in providing feedback, such as contents, timing, techniques, and models, are addressed. By understanding the value of feedback and mastering various feedback skills, preceptors will promote students' learning and enhance educational outcomes of experiential education.

Keyword

Experiential education; advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE); pharmacy student; preceptor; practice site

MeSH Terms

Curriculum
Education*
Education, Pharmacy
Formative Feedback
Humans
Learning
Pharmacy*
Students, Pharmacy
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