J Korean Soc Radiol.  2015 Oct;73(4):259-263. 10.3348/jksr.2015.73.4.259.

Spontaneous Infarction of Benign Breast Lesion during Pregnancy: Ultrasonographic and Pathologic Findings

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea. kskim@eulji.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Radiology, Health Care Center, Pohang, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pathology, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

The spontaneous infarction of benign breast lesions is a rare entity and hence is not usually considered in the differential diagnosis during radiologic or clinical examination. There have been a few published cases of infarction during pregnancy and lactation. In this study we report the ultrasonographic and pathologic features of a spontaneous infarction of a lactating adenoma with acute mastitis and abscess and a spontaneously infarcted fibroadenoma.


MeSH Terms

Abscess
Adenoma
Breast*
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Fibroadenoma
Infarction*
Lactation
Mastitis
Pregnancy*

Figure

  • Fig. 1 A 30-year-old woman with an edematous change in the left breast 5 days after delivery. A. Mediolateral oblique mammogram of the left breast shows a large circumscribed heterogeneously hyperdense mass, replacing the whole left breast. The homogeneously hyperdense portion (star) in the periphery of the mass correlates with the outer portion of the surgical specimen, suggesting lactating adenoma without infarction. Furthermore, the irregular central portion with air densities (asterisk) correlates with the specimen, and suggesting infarction with necrosis. B. Ultrasonography shows a heterogeneously hypoechoic mass. Internal multiple echogenic foci with posterior shadowing (asterisk) correlates with the infarcted portion of the lactating adenoma. Skin thickening (arrow) suggests combined acute inflammatory change. C. Color Doppler image shows the lack of internal vascularity. D. Macroscopic view of the excised specimen shows a large lactating adenoma (star) with an internal necrotic portion (asterisk). E. Photomicrograph of the specimen shows features of an infarcted lactating adenoma. Extensive coagulative necrosis and the lack of tissue staining with preserved reticulin architecture suggest infarction. Moreover, vascular thrombosis (arrow) is also detected (hematoxylin and eosin, × 100 magnification in the main figure and × 200 magnification in the inset figure).

  • Fig. 2 A 24-year-old pregnant woman (32 weeks) with a palpable mass in her right breast. A. Ultrasonography shows a circumscribed complex solid and cystic mass with internal multiple small anechoic portions (asterisks). B. Photomicrograph of the specimen shows features of an infarcted fibroadenoma. Compared with residual viable tissue (left, star), extensive coagulative necrosis and the lack of tissue staining with preserved reticulin architecture (right) suggest infarction (hematoxylin and eosin, × 200).


Reference

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