Korean J Urol.  1996 Jul;37(7):747-754.

Effects of Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion on Renal Function in Rats

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Korea.

Abstract

Postischemic functional impairment of the kidney is a severe problem following living or cadeveric renal transplantation. It is well established that a substantial component of postischemic injury is caused by oxygen free radicals generated from xanthine oxidase at ischemia/reperfusion (VR) through lipid peroxidation. Glutathione is well known as a radical scavenger of oxygen free radicals. Malonyldialdehyde (MDA) is a stable end product of lipid peroxidation. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether the measurement of levels of xanthine oxidase activity, glutathione, and MDA in renal tissue could be used as indicators of renal function following I/R injury 50 male Sprague-Dawley were divided into 3 groups; control group (N=10), allopurinol-pretreatment group (Group A, N=20) and no-pretreatment group (Group B, N=20) for in-vitro and in-vivo study. Animals in in-vitro study underwent bilateral renal ischemia for 60 min after pretreatment with allopurinol in group A and saline in group B, and left nephrectomy was then performed for study of ischemic injury. After 30 min of right renal reperfusion, right nephrectomy was then performed for VR injury study. Xanthine oxidase activity, glutathione, and MDA were measured in nephrectomized kidney tissues. In-vivo renal function studies were performed in both group A and B with measurement of creatinine clearance (Ccr) at 7th day of experiments after renal ischemia for 60 min. The xanthine oxidase activity decreased significantly in group A, but increased significantly in group B. The type conversion ratio increased significantly in group B. Glutathione levels decreased significantly in group B compared to group A. MDA levels increased significantly in group B compared to group A. Ccr decreased significantly in group B compared to group A. Thus, it is suggested that the measurement of levels of xanthine oxidase activity, glutathione, and MDA in renal tissue following ischemia/reperfusion injury could be used as indicators of renal function.

Keyword

ischemia/reperfusion injury; renal function; renal function; free radicals

MeSH Terms

Allopurinol
Animals
Creatinine
Free Radicals
Glutathione
Humans
Ischemia
Kidney
Kidney Transplantation
Lipid Peroxidation
Male
Malondialdehyde
Nephrectomy
Oxygen
Rats*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Reperfusion
Xanthine Oxidase
Allopurinol
Creatinine
Free Radicals
Glutathione
Malondialdehyde
Oxygen
Xanthine Oxidase
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