J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2003 Dec;41(6):732-746.

A study on the adhesion of a soft liner containing 4-META to the base metal alloy and its viscoelastic property

  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University.


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Soft lining materials, also referred to as tissue conditioning materials, tissue treating materials, relining materials, soft liners or tissue conditioners, were first introduced to dentistry by a plastic manufacturer in 1959. Since the introduction of the materials to the dental field, their material properties have been continually improved through the effort of many researchers. Soft lining materials have become widely accepted, particularly by prosthodontists, because of their numerous clinical advantages and ease of manipulation. Unfortunately, few reports have been issued upon the topic of increasing the bond strength between the base metal alloy used in cast denture bases and PMMA soft liner modified with 4-META, nor upon the pattern of debonding and material change in wet environment like a intra oral situation. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were comparing the bond strength between base metal alloy used for the cast denture bases and PMMA soft liner modified with 4-META, and describing the pattern of debonding and material property change in wet environment like the intraoral situation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consisted of four experiments: 1. The in vitro measurement of shear bond strength of the adhesive soft liner. 2. The in vitro measurement of shear bond strength of the adhesive soft liner after 2 weeks of aging. 3. A comparison of debonding patterns. 4. An evaluation the gelation time of modified soft liner. The soft liner used in this study was commercially available as Coe-soft (GC America.IL., USA), which is provided in forms of powder and liquid. This is a PMMA soft liner commonly used in dental clinics. The metal primer used in this study was 4-META containing primer packed in Meta fast denture base resin (Sun Medical Co., Osaka, Japan). The specimens were formed in a single lap joint design, which is useful for evaluating the apparent shear bond strength of adhesively bonded metal plate by tensile loading. Using the 20x20mm transparent grid, percent area of adhesive soft liner remaining on the shear area was calculated to classify the debonding patterns. To evaluate the change of the initial flow of the modified adhesive soft liner, the gelation time was measured with an oscillating rheometer (Haake RS150W/TC50, Haake Co., Germany). It was a stress control and parallel plate type with the diameter of 35mm. CONCLUSION. Within the conditions and limitations of this study, the following conclusions were drawn as follows. 1. There was significant increase of bond strength in the 5% 4-META, 10% 4-META containing groups and in the primer coated groups versus the control group(P<0.05). 2. After 2 weeks of aging, no significant increase in bond strength was found except for the group containing 10% 4-META (P<0.05). 3. The gelation times of the modified soft liner were 9.3 minutes for the 5% 4-META containing liner and 11.5 minutes for the 10% 4-META liner. 4. The debonding patterns of the 4-META containing group after 2 weeks of aging were similar to those of immediaely after preparation, but the debonding pattern of the primer group showed more adhesive failure after 2 weeks of aging.


Adhesive soft liner; Gelation time; 4-META; Shear bond strength; Oscillating rheometer; PMMA

MeSH Terms

Dental Clinics
Denture Bases
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Full Text Links
  • JKAP
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error