J Korean Pediatr Soc.  2001 Jul;44(7):796-806.

IGF-I on the Expression of Gene Associated with Hypoxic Ischemic Brain Injury in the Neonatal Rats

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Korea.
  • 4Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yan Bian University, China.
  • 5Life Science Research Division, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology, Taejon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
To investigate the effect of intraperitoneal injection of IGF-I after hypoxic ischemic brain injury on neuronal cell necrosis, apoptosis and expression of proapoptotic and antiapoptotic proteins bax and bcl-2, respectively.
METHODS
The right carotid artery was cut between the double ligation. Then allowed to recover for 30 minutes followed by exposure to 8% oxygen at 37degree C for 2 hours. Devided 2 groups, control group(N=30) and IGF-I treated group(N=30). IGF-I treated group received IGF-I 20 microg 2 hours after hypoxic ischemic injury intraperitoneally. Rates were decapitated at 24 hours and 72 hours following hypoxic ischemic brain injury. After then, right hippocampal CA1 and CA3 neuronsof rat brains were examined.
RESULTS
The apoptosis and necrosis was significantly less in IGF-I treated group than control group and necrosis was more prominent in CA1 neurons than CA3 neurons. Necrosis was slightly decreased at 72 hours in both groups(P<0.05). The apoptosis was more prominent at 24 hours than 72 hours after hypoxic ischemic injury(P<0.05). Bax protein expression was prominent in control group, especially at 72 hours(P<0.05) and less in the IGF-I treated group than control group. Bcl-2 protein expression was not detected in both group.
CONCLUSION
The results from this study suggest that exogenous systemic IGF-I had a neuroprotective effect by inhibition of up-regulation of bax protein expression after hypoxic ischemic brain injury.

Keyword

IGF-I; Apoptosis; Hypoxic ischemic brain injury; Bax; Bcl-2

MeSH Terms

Animals
Apoptosis
bcl-2-Associated X Protein
Brain Injuries*
Brain*
Carotid Arteries
Control Groups
Injections, Intraperitoneal
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I*
Ligation
Necrosis
Neurons
Neuroprotective Agents
Oxygen
Rats*
Up-Regulation
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Neuroprotective Agents
Oxygen
bcl-2-Associated X Protein
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