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Rare PTH Gene Mutations Causing Parathyroid Disorders: A Review

Lee JH, Davaatseren M, Lee S

Since parathyroid hormone (PTH) was first isolated and its gene (PTH) was sequenced, only eight PTH mutations have been discovered. The C18R mutation in PTH, discovered in 1990, was the...
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The optimal model of reperfusion injury in vitro using H9c2 transformed cardiac myoblasts

Son E, Lee D, Woo CW, Kim YH

An in vitro model for ischemia/reperfusion injury has not been well-established. We hypothesized that this failure may be caused by serum deprivation, the use of glutamine-containing media, and absence of...
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The MicroRNA hsa-let-7g Promotes Proliferation and Inhibits Apoptosis in Lung Cancer by Targeting HOXB1

Cui F, Zhou Q, Xiao K, Ma S

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of hsa-let-7g on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and elucidate its role in lung cancer development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression...
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MiR-484 Protects Rat Myocardial Cells from Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury by Inhibiting Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 during Apoptosis

Liu H, Li S, Jiang W, Li Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To reveal the detail mechanism of miR-484 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. METHODS: Rats model of MI/R injury was established based on control (Con; sham operate) group, ischemia-reperfusion...
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Upregulated Long Noncoding RNA LINC01234 Predicts Unfavorable Prognosis for Colorectal Cancer and Negatively Correlates With KLF6 Expression

Jiang X, Zhu Q, Wu P, Zhou F, Chen J

BACKGROUND: LINC01234, a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is overexpressed in several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the role of LINC01234 in CRC development and confirmed its correlation with...
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Role of MicroRNA-34a in Anti-Apoptotic Effects of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

Park IH, Song YS, Joo HW, Shen GY, Seong JH, Shin NK, Cho YJ, Lee Y, Shin JH, Lim YH, Kim H, Kim KS

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the process of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We have previously reported that granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) ameliorated diastolic dysfunction and attenuated...
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Protocatechuic Aldehyde Represses Proliferation and Migration of Breast Cancer Cells through Targeting C-terminal Binding Protein 1

Deng Y, Guo W, Li G, Li S, Li H, Li X, Niu B, Song M, Zhang Y, Xu Z, Li F

PURPOSE: C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) is a transcriptional co-repressor that is overexpressed in many cancers. CtBP1 transcriptionally represses a broad array of tumor suppressors, which promotes cancer cell proliferation,...
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Neuroprotective effects of urolithin A on Hâ‚‚Oâ‚‚-induced oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in SK-N-MC cells

Kim KB, Lee S, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress causes cell damage and death, which contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Urolithin A (UA), a gut microbial-derived metabolite of ellagitannins and ellagic acid, has high...
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Fluoxetine Induces Apoptotic and Oxidative Neuronal Death Associated with The Influx of Copper Ions in Cultured Neuronal Cells

Hwang S, Kim JK

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours...
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Quercetin-induced apoptosis ameliorates vascular smooth muscle cell senescence through AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway

Kim SG, Sung JY, Kim JR, Choi HC

Aging is one of the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. During the progression of cellular senescence, cells enter a state of irreversible growth arrest and display resistance...
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Curcumin Inhibits the Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Apoptosis of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Cell Line by Regulating MiR-21/VHL Axis

Chen L, Zhan CZ, Wang T, You H, Yao R

PURPOSE: Curcumin exerts its anti-cancer effects, partly by targeting special microRNAs, in human cancers. MiR-21 is a key oncomir in carcinogenesis of multiple human cancers. Here, we aimed to further...
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Capsaicin-Induced Apoptosis in MBT-2 Murine Bladder Tumor Cells and Bladder Wall Penetration Effect of the Nano-Encapsulated Capsaicin in Rabbit

Cho SJ, Moon HW, Bae WJ, Park YH, Ha US, Hong SH, Kim SW, Lee JY

PURPOSE: In this study, we attempted to characterize capsaicin's effects with regard to the apoptosis of murine bladder cancer cells (MBT-2) as well as the pharmacodynamics of nano-encapsulated capsaicin formulation...
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The Protective Effect of Green Tea Extract on Alpha-amanitin Induced Hepatotoxicity

An SH, Sun KH, Hong R, Lee BR, Park Y

PURPOSE: Alpha-amanitin induces potent oxidative stress and apoptosis, and may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of hepatotoxicity. This study examined the mechanisms of α-amanitin-induced apoptosis in vitro, and...
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Anti-tumor activity and mitochondrial stability of disulfiram in HL-60 cells

Disulfiram (DSF) is a member of the dithiocarbamate family that can bind copper. Recent studies have shown that DSF has anti-cancer activities, but the mechanism has not been clarified. Therefore,...
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Inhibition of STAT3 signaling induces apoptosis and suppresses growth of lung cancer: good and bad

Kang JH, Jang YS, Lee HJ, Lee CY, Shin DY, Oh SH

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) modulates a variety of genes involved in the regulation of critical functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, and immunity. For...
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Antitumor effect of TW-37, a BH3 mimetic in human oral cancer

Ahn CH, Lee WW, Jung YC, Shin JA, Hong KO, Choi S, Swarup N, Kim J, Ahn MH, Jung M, Cho SD, Jin B

TW-37 is a small molecule B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) homology 3 mimetic with potential anticancer activities. However, the in vivo anti-cancer effect of TW-37 in human oral cancer has not...
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Involvement of immune responses in pulmonary arterial hypertension; lessons from rodent models

Kim K, Choi JH

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a pathological state with sustained elevation of pulmonary artery (PA) pressure. Since the pathogenesis of PH is mostly irreversible, the disease often comes up with poor...
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Effects of dynamic oxygen concentrations on the development of mouse pre- and peri-implantation embryos using a double-channel gas supply incubator system

Lee SC, Seo HC, Lee J, Jun JH, Choi KW

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of different oxygen conditions (20% [high Oâ‚‚], 5% [low Oâ‚‚] and 5% decreased to 2% [dynamic Oâ‚‚]) on mouse pre- and peri-implantation development...
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Survival of isolated human preantral follicles after vitrification: Analyses of morphology and Fas ligand and caspase-3 mRNA expression

Wiweko B, Soebijanto S, Boediono A, Mansyur M, Siregar NC, Suryandari DA, Aulia A, Djuwantono T, Affandi B

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effect of vitrification on apoptosis and survival in human preantral follicles after thawing. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted at an acute tertiary care...
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Mechanisms and therapeutic targets of ischemic acute kidney injury

Han SJ, Lee HT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) due to renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) is a major clinical problem without effective therapy and is a significant and frequent cause of morbidity and mortality during...
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