J Korean Assoc Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2013 Jan;35(1):13-17.

The Effect of Silk Fibroin Particles Coated with Hydroxyapatites on Bone Regeneration in the Rat Calvarial Defect Model

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Korea. sok8585@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study evaluated the capability of bone formation of silk fibroin particles coated with hydroxyapatites (HA/SF), as bone graft material when put into the calvarial defect of rats.
METHODS
Twenty Sprague Dawley rats were used for this study and round shaped defects were formed in the center of parietal bones (diameter: 8.0 mm). The defect was filled with (1) HA/SF (experimental group), or (2) left as a vacant space (control group). The animals were sacrificed at 4 or 8 weeks, postoperatively. The specimens were decalcified and stained with Masson's trichrome for histomorphometric analysis.
RESULTS
The average of new bone formation was 33.18+/-3.10% in the experimental group and 20.49+/-5.79% in the control group at 4 weeks postoperatively. That was 42.52+/-7.74% in the experimental group and 25.50+/-7.31% in the control group at 8 weeks postoperatively. The difference between the groups was significantly higher at both 4 weeks and 8 weeks postoperatively (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION
The rat calvarial defect was successfully repaired by HA/SF graft. The HA/SF graft showed more new bone formation compared with the unfilled control.

Keyword

Silk fibroin; Hydroxyapatite; Bone regeneration; Rat calvarial defect

MeSH Terms

Animals
Bone Regeneration
Durapatite
Fibroins
Hydroxyapatites
Osteogenesis
Parietal Bone
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Silk
Transplants
Durapatite
Fibroins
Hydroxyapatites
Silk
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