Exp Mol Med.  2000 Jun;32(2):88-92.

Dose-dependent effect of resveratrol on proliferation and apoptosis in endothelial and tumor cell cultures

Affiliations
  • 11st Institute of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. bszende@korb1.sote.hu

Abstract

Experimental data suggest that Resveratrol, a compound found in grapes and other fruits may influence cell proliferation and apoptosis. The aim of our experiments was to study the effect of Resveratrol on tumor cell cultures and an endothelial cell culture in order to examine the effect of various doses of this compound on active cell death and cell proliferation. Human tumor (HT-29, SW-620, HT-1080) and endothelial (HUV-EC-C) cells were treated with various doses of (0.1 to 100.0 microg/ml) Resveratrol in vitro. Cell number, apoptotic and mitotic index was measured 24, 48 and 72 h after treatment. Low doses (0.1-1.0 microg/ml) of Resveratrol enhance cell proliferation, higher doses (10.0-100.0 microg/ml) induce apoptosis and decrease mitotic activity, which is reflected in changes of cell number. Resveratrol influences dose dependently the proliferative and apoptotic activity of human tumor and endothelial cells. The possible role of formaldehyde in the mechanism of action of Resveratrol is discussed.

Keyword

Resveratrol; apoptosis; mitosis

MeSH Terms

Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology*
Apoptosis*
Cells, Cultured
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Endothelium/drug effects*
Endothelium/cytology
Human
Mitosis/drug effects*
Stilbenes/pharmacology*
Tumor Cells, Cultured
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