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Clinical Characteristics and Management of Saccular Cysts: A Single Institute Experience

Kim JH, Kim MH, Ahn HG, Choi HS, Byeon HK

OBJECTIVES: A saccular cyst is defined as a dilated saccule of the larynx, filled with mucus, and is located between the false vocal cords and the thyroid cartilage. Although this...
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Evaluation of Saccule Function in Patients with Vitamin D Deficiency

Talebi H, Moallemi M, Ghorbani M

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Considering important role of vitamin D in many physiological processes including vestibular system in the ear, aim of present study is to evaluate saccule function via cervical...
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Comparison of Video Head Impulse Test with Posterior Semicircular Canal Plane and Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential

Park JS, Lee YW, Lee JY, Ban JH, Chang SO, Kim MB

OBJECTIVE: Cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) is thought to be assessing the function of the saccule and inferior vestibular nerve. Therefore, cVEMP indirectly reflects the function of the posterior...
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Hemospermia due to Multiple Stones in the Enlarged Prostatic Utricle

Cho KH

Cystic enlargement of prostatic utricle, a vestigial remnant of mullerian duct, is a rare condition in males. The prostatic utricle distends with urine during voiding and then passively drains. Poor...
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Conditions of Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials Test to Minimize Interaural Variation

Park SH, Na WS, Kim HG, Kim BJ, Jung JY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) test has been widely used to assess the function of the saccule and inferior vestibular nerve. Electrode location and stimulating sound...
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Simultaneous Recordings of Cervical and Ocular Vestibular-Evoked Myogenic Potentials

Shin HJ, Park YA, Oh SY

BACKGROUND: Cervical (cVEMP) and ocular (oVEMP) vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials are short-latency manifestations of vestibulo-ocular and vestibulocollic reflexes that originate from the utricle and saccule. The aim of this study was...
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Clinical Applications of Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials in Vestibular Disorders

Choi JY

Cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) may be one of the important clinical tools for evaluation of vestibular function. Cervical VEMP evaluates saccule and reflects the functional status...
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The Principle and Methodology of Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential

Lee MY, Suh MW

Vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) has developed as a broadly applied vestibular function test in clinics from its introduction in 1992. In the past, there was only one well known...
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Anatomical Factors Influencing Pneumatization of the Petrous Apex

Lee DH, Kim MJ, Lee S, Choi H

OBJECTIVES: Aim of the present study was to define the relationship between petrous apex pneumatization and the nearby major anatomical landmarks using temporal bone computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: This retrospective,...
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Protective Effect of Metformin on Gentamicin-Induced Vestibulotoxicity in Rat Primary Cell Culture

Lee JY, Lee SH, Chang JW, Song JJ, Jung HH, Im GJ

OBJECTIVES: One of the antidiabetic drugs, metformin, have shown that it prevented oxidative stress-induced death in several cell types through a mechanism involving the opening of the permeability transition pore...
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Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential in Vestibular Neuritis Patients: Comparative Study with Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential and Subjective Visual Vertical

Kim SI, Ha YM, Kim SH, Chung JH, Park MS, Byun JY

  • KMID: 1736998
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2014 Dec;13(4):102-107.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Subjective visual vertical (SVV) reflects utricle and superior vestibular neural functions, and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) reflect saccule and inferior vestibular neural functions. But, origin...
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Vestibular-Evoked Myogenic Potentials: Sound- and Bone-Conducted Stimuli and Clinical Applications

Kim EJ, Oh SY

Vestibular stimulation by air-conducted sound (ACS), bone-conducted vibration (BCV), or electrical currents (galvanic stimulation) elicits vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) that are now widely used to assess otolith function. Conventional...
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Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential and Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential in Patients With Vestibular Neuritis and Acute Viral Labyrinthitis

Moon IH, Lee CG, Park MK, Lee JD

  • KMID: 1437768
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2012 Sep;11(3):92-96.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vestibular neuritis predominantly affects the superior branch of the vestibular nerve, resulting in vertigo. Acute viral labyrinthitis occurs when an infection affects both vestibulo-cochlear nerve and labyrinth,...
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Vestibular Function Test of Dizziness Patients by Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential

Lee YJ, Lee CG, Cho SH, Park YJ, Kim HJ, Lee KH, Lee BD

  • KMID: 1437789
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2012 Mar;11(1):37-43.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Because the saccule, next to the cochlea, is the second most frequent site of hydrops formation, we evaluated whether vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) responses can reflect...
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The Relations of Otholith Function Tests and Risk Factors of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Joung JH, Park JY, Park HM, Lee TK, Sung KB

  • KMID: 1437787
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2012 Mar;11(1):23-28.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Since the liberated otoconia from the degenerated utricle has been postulated as the cause of the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the relationship of the utricular function...
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The Efficiency of Simultaneous Binaural Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials: A Comparative Study with Monaural Acoustic Stimulation in Healthy Subjects

Kim MB, Ban JH

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the test-retest reliability and convenience of simultaneous binaural acoustic-evoked ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP). METHODS: Thirteen healthy subjects with no history of ear diseases participated in this...
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Endolymphatic Hydrops: Pathophysiology and Etiology

Nam SI

Endolymphatic hydrops (EH) represents a histopathologic finding in which the structures bounding the endolymphatic space are distended by an enlargement of endolymphatic volume. EH primarily involves the cochlear duct and...
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Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential: Recording Methods and Clinical Application

Suh MW, Jeong SH, Kim JS

  • KMID: 1454821
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2010 Feb;28(1):1-12.
Only a few tests can evaluate the function of the saccule and inferior vestibular nerve. Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) are inhibitory potentials recorded in the contracting muscles, usually in the...
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Abnormal Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials in Medial Medullary Infarction

Shin JY, Song HS, Koo JW, Lee HS, Kim JS

BACKGROUND: The medial vestibulospinal tract (MVST), which descends in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF), may mediate the vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in the contracting sternocleidomastoid muscle. We report herein...
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Effects of Gaze Positions on Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials

Lee YJ, Han SH, Ha EJ, Ahn JY, Park GH, Jung YS, Kwak HB, Park MS, Shin JE, Park HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent works have demonstrated the existence of ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (OVEMPs), which reflects otolith-ocular reflex. The purpose of this study was to identify an appropriate...
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