Res Vestib Sci.  2015 Jun;14(2):37-41. 10.0000/rvs.2015.14.2.37.

Clinical Applications of Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials in Vestibular Disorders

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea. a-yeong@hanmail.net

Abstract

Cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) may be one of the important clinical tools for evaluation of vestibular function. Cervical VEMP evaluates saccule and reflects the functional status of inferior vestibular nerve combining with vertical head impulse test. Ocular VEMP assesses utricle function and provides superior vestibular nerve function in addition to horizontal head impulse test and caloric test. Currently, the clinical implications of VEMP have been expanded to estimate disease severity and location, differentiate diverse vestibular disorders, and predict the prognosis. In present review, we discuss the findings of VEMP according to the lesion location from peripheral vestibular dysfunction to central vestibulopathy and disease characteristics from monophasic transient disorders to chronic progressive disorders.

Keyword

Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials; Vestibular neuronitis; Meniere disease; Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; Central nervous system diseases

MeSH Terms

Caloric Tests
Central Nervous System Diseases
Head Impulse Test
Meniere Disease
Prognosis
Saccule and Utricle
Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials*
Vestibular Nerve
Vestibular Neuronitis
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