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Selective impairment of the rapid eye movements in myotonic dystrophy

Kim SH, Park JS

The patients with myotonic dystrophy (MD) show ocular motor abnormalities including strabismus, vergence deficits, and inaccurate or slow saccades. Two theories have been proposed to explain the oculomotor deficits in...
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No Evidence of a Contribution of the Vestibular System to Frequent Falls in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Goldschagg N, Bremova-Ertl T, Bardins S, Dinca N, Feil K, Krafczyk S, Lorenzl S, Strupp M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conflicting results about vestibular function in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) prompted a systematic examination of the semicircular canal function, otolith function, and postural stability. METHODS: Sixteen patients with...
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Relationship between Video Head Impulse Gain and Severity of Dizziness in Patients with Vestibular Neuritis

Nam SH, Kim YH, Choi WR, Kim Y, Ku JY, Park HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the correlation between video head impulse test (vHIT) and dizziness handicap inventory (DHI), which is commonly used to quantify severity of dizziness in vestibular neuritis...
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Proposal on the Diagnostic Criteria of Definite Isolated Otolith Dysfunction

Park HG, Lee JH, Oh SH, Park MK, Suh MW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizzy patients with abnormal otolith function tests, despite a normal caloric response, are defined as having specific (isolated) otolith organ dysfunction. This study was performed to compare...
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Analysis of Age-Dependent Normative Values of Suppression Video-Head-Impulse Test in Healthy Korean Subjects

Jeong DY, Park YS, Cho SI

OBJECTIVES: Suppression head impulse paradigm (SHIMP) in video head impulse test is now newly used to test vestibular function. The aim of this study was to analyze normative values of...
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A Case of Patient with Acute Peripheral Vestibulopathy Involving Isolated Posterior Semicircular Canal

Im SK, Song MH, Gu JW, Shim DB

Down-beat nystagmus in peripheral vestibulopathy may rarely occur in selective involvement of inferior division. Diagnosis of isolated inferior vestibular neuritis is based on torsional down-beating spontaneous nystagmus, abnormal head-impulse test...
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The Value of Posterior Semicircular Canal Function in Predicting Hearing Recovery of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Shin JW, Kim SW, Kim YW, Jang W, Kim BH, Lim YS, Park SW, Cho CG, Park JH

OBJECTIVES: Postulated etiologies for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) include viral cochleitis, microvascular events. If SSNHL is caused by vascular compromise of common cochlear artery that supplies cochlea and...
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Comparison of Suppression Head Impulse and Conventional Head Impulse Test Protocols

Roh KJ, Kim JY, Son EJ

OBJECTIVES: The head impulse test paradigm (HIMP) assesses semicircular canal function by measuring compensatory saccades during head movements as an indication of an impaired vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). The recently introduced...
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Intratympanic Gentamicin Versus Labyrinthectomy: Inner Ear Sensitivity to Gentamicin and Impact on the Contralateral Labyrinth

Kontorinis G, Tailor H, Gaggini M, Crowther J

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of labyrinthectomy and intratympanic (IT) gentamicin injections on the contralateral labyrinth, we also assessed the response of each individual semicircular canal to each IT gentamicin...
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Long-Term Changes in Video Head Impulse and Caloric Tests in Patients with Unilateral Vestibular Neuritis

Lee HJ, Kim SH, Jung J

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Video head impulse tests (vHITs) and caloric tests are widely used to assess the loss of vestibular function in acute vestibular neuritis. Although previous studies have reported...
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Clinical Application and Update of Video Head Impulse Test

Lee JY, Park JS, Kim MB

Recently with the introduction of video head impulse test (vHIT), it can be easily performed quantitative and objective measurement of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). vHIT has been used as a clinical...
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Clinical Usefulness of Video Head Impulse Test-Comparison of Bithermal Caloric Test and Bedside Head Impulse Test

Kim HJ, Ko YJ, Hong HS, Lee SC, Kim HJ, Kim KS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Video head impulse test system (vHIT) is an easy-to-use test and there are numerous studies showing its efficacy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the...
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The Clinical Efficacy of Vestibular Function Tests in Patients with Acute Unilateral Vestibulopathy

Kang BH, Kim JI

OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study is to investigate the clinical efficacy of the vestibular function tests (VFTs) and the predictability of lesion side of vestibular asymmetry parameters in acute unilateral...
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Inter-rater variability in the interpretation of the head impulse test results

Henriksen , Hallas P

No abstract available.
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Clinical Feasibility of Suppression Head Impulse Test in Vestibulopathy Patients

Kang YJ, Jun BC, Cho YS, Lim JH, Kim DY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The suppression head impulse (SHIMP) test has emerged as one of the new vestibular function tests. The SHIMP test is an analysis of anti-compensatory saccadic movements in...
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Clinical Implication and Proposed Mechanism of Direction Changing Vibration Induced Nystagmus in Unilateral Vestibular Hypofunction

Lee DH, Park MK, Lee JH, Oh SH, Suh MW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the clinical characteristics and vestibular function of patients with direction changing vibration induced nystagmus (DC VIN) and unilateral vestibular hypofunction and suggest clinical implication and...
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Causes of False Negative Bedside Head Impulse Test

Kim DY, Choi YG, Kyung TS, Hwang JH, Kim HJ, Lee SC, Kim KS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The bedside head impulse test (bHIT) in bare eyes often overlooks possible vestibular losses by missing the corrective saccade. This is why it is necessary to compare...
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A Patient with Sudden Hearing Loss with Vertigo Showing Exclusive Posterior Semicircular Canal Abnormality

Gu JW, Shin YG, Song MH, Shim DB

It is known that about 30% of patients with sudden hearing loss present with vertigo or dizziness. In clinical practice, this is called sudden hearing loss with vertigo (SHLV) although...
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Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Total or Divisional Vestibular Neuritis

Na S, Lee ES, Sung KB, Lee TK

OBJECTIVES: In vestibular neuritis (VN), the lesion preferentially affects the superior vestibular nerve because of the anatomic arrangement. It is well known that VN patients have a higher score of...
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Herpes Zoster Oticus without Facial Palsy and Hearing Loss Masquerading as Vestibular Neuritis

Ha H, Kim J, Kim JH, Lee SH

Herpes zoster oticus, also called Ramsay-Hunt syndrome, involves the geniculate ganglion and presents with facial nerve palsy, sensorineural hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction, and auricular vesicular lesion. In this case, the...
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