Res Vestib Sci.  2014 Dec;13(4):102-107.

Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential in Vestibular Neuritis Patients: Comparative Study with Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential and Subjective Visual Vertical

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. otorhino512@naver.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Subjective visual vertical (SVV) reflects utricle and superior vestibular neural functions, and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) reflect saccule and inferior vestibular neural functions. But, origin and characteristics of ocular VEMP (oVEMP) remain controversial, especially in case of evoked by air conducted sound (ACS). Thus, the aim of this study was to identify the origin and characteristics of oVEMP by comparing with various otolith function tests.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Forty vestibular neuritis patients were enrolled from September 2012 to January 2013 in this study. We examined cVEMP, oVEMP using 500 Hz air-counducted sounds. And, we measured static and dynamic SVV.
RESULTS
Abnormal cVEMP responses were observed in 6 (15%) patients, and abnormal oVEMP responses were observed in 28 (70%) patients. Abnormal static and dynamic SVV were observed in 18 (45%), 35 (87.5%) patients, respectively. There was strong correlation between oVEMP and dynamic SVV (p=0.009).
CONCLUSION
ACS oVEMP responses showed different tendency from cVEMP responses in vestibular neuritis patients, but similar tendency with results of dynamic SVV. The results suggest that origin of oVEMP is different from that of cVEMP and maybe utricle and superior vestibular neuron.

Keyword

Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials; Subjective visual vertical; Vestibular neuronitis

MeSH Terms

Humans
Neurons
Otolithic Membrane
Saccule and Utricle
Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials
Vestibular Neuronitis*
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