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No Evidence of a Contribution of the Vestibular System to Frequent Falls in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Goldschagg N, Bremova-Ertl T, Bardins S, Dinca N, Feil K, Krafczyk S, Lorenzl S, Strupp M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conflicting results about vestibular function in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) prompted a systematic examination of the semicircular canal function, otolith function, and postural stability. METHODS: Sixteen patients with...
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Vestibular Rehabilitation after Traumatic Head Injury with Dizziness

Kim SK, Hong SM

The vestibular symptoms such as dizziness and imbalance that occurred after traumatic head/brain injury were caused by a combination of central factors such as abnormalities of white matter, diffuse axonal...
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Proposal on the Diagnostic Criteria of Definite Isolated Otolith Dysfunction

Park HG, Lee JH, Oh SH, Park MK, Suh MW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizzy patients with abnormal otolith function tests, despite a normal caloric response, are defined as having specific (isolated) otolith organ dysfunction. This study was performed to compare...
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Clinical Significance of Spontaneous Nystagmus in Horizontal Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Lee J, Chang S, Lee HY

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the clinical significance of spontaneous nystagmus (SN) in horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-BPPV). METHODS: Twenty-four patients who were diagnosed with HC-BPPV in Eulji...
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Identification of Vestibular Organ Originated Information on Spatial Memory in Mice

Han GC, Kim M, Kim MJ

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the role of vestibular input on spatial memory performance in mice that had undergone bilateral surgical labyrinthectomy, semicircular canal (SCC) occlusion and 4G hypergravity exposure. METHODS:...
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The Effects of the Vestibular Rehabilitation on the Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Recurrence Rate in Patients with Otolith Dysfunction

Hoseinabadi R, Pourbakht , Yazdani N, Kouhi A, Kamali M, Abdollahi , Jafarzadeh S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although repositioning maneuvers have shown remarkable success rate in treatments of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the high recurrence rate of BPPV has been an important issue....
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Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential as a Prognostic Indicator of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Recurrence

Kang MS, Han HJ, Lee MY, Jung JY

OBJECTIVES: Recently there was hypothesis that relates the otolith dysfunction to the recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Therefore in the present study, we assessed relationship between cervical vestibular...
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Clinical Features of Patients with Labyrinthine Concussion after Head Trauma

Lee CK, Park KH

OBJECTIVE: Blunt head injury can lead to isolated damage of the inner ear (cochlear labyrinthine concussion) or damage of the otolith organ (vestibular labyrinthine concussion) due to a bone conduction...
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Tumarkin Otolithic Crisis Controlled by Endolymphatic Sac Surgery

Hong SM, Park IS, Ban JH

Turmarkin otolithic crisis is a rare feature of Meniere's disease. It shows sudden falling to the ground with no warning sign. It is an otologic emergency because of the risk...
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Otolith Function Tests in Patients with Orthostatic Dizziness

Ahn SH, Jeon EJ, Park YS, Kim DH, Nam IC

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Orthostatic dizziness (OD) is defined as when dizziness is provoked by standing up from a supine or sitting position. It is usually considered as being associated with...
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The Principle and Methodology of Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential

Lee MY, Suh MW

Vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) has developed as a broadly applied vestibular function test in clinics from its introduction in 1992. In the past, there was only one well known...
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Fails to Show Evidence of Endolymphatic Hydrops in a Case with Tumarkin's Otolithic Crisis

So KY, Hwang SB, Oh SY

Tumarkin's otolithic crisis refers to drop attacks that are an unusual manifestation of Meniere's disease. It has been proposed that these drop attacks result from mechanical deformation of the otolithic...
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Variables for One Year Recurrence of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Rhim GI

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) was treated with particle repositioning maneuver (PRM) with a high success rate, the condition often recurred. The purpose of this study...
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Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential in Vestibular Neuritis Patients: Comparative Study with Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential and Subjective Visual Vertical

Kim SI, Ha YM, Kim SH, Chung JH, Park MS, Byun JY

  • KMID: 1736998
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2014 Dec;13(4):102-107.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Subjective visual vertical (SVV) reflects utricle and superior vestibular neural functions, and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) reflect saccule and inferior vestibular neural functions. But, origin...
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Vestibular-Evoked Myogenic Potentials: Sound- and Bone-Conducted Stimuli and Clinical Applications

Kim EJ, Oh SY

Vestibular stimulation by air-conducted sound (ACS), bone-conducted vibration (BCV), or electrical currents (galvanic stimulation) elicits vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) that are now widely used to assess otolith function. Conventional...
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Multicenter Study on the Clinician's Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approaches for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo in Korea

Jeon EJ, Chung WH, Choi JH, Nam EC, Park HJ, Lee JD, Lee WS, Kim KS, Goh EK, Koo JW, Kim MB, Kim MB, Kim SH, Kim YJ, Kim CH, Nam SI, Mun SK, Park GY, Park SY, Park SN, Bae CH, Boo SH, Suh MW, Seo JH, Son EJ, Song JJ, Song JJ, Shin JW, Shim DB, Ahn SK, Youm HY, Yoo SY, Lee DH, Lee SH, Lee CH, Lee HS, Lee HH, Lee HJ, Choung YH, Choi SH, Choi JS, Hong SM, Hong SK

  • KMID: 2316798
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2013 Sep;12(3):79-92.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is necessary to establish the most efficient diagnostic and therapeutic method for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), which is appropriate for Korean healthcare system. We aimed...
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Anatomy and Physiology of Balance

Im S

Postural balance is controlled by intricate connections between the vestibular, visual and proprioception system. Among these, the vestibular system is one of the key factors in coordinating and maintaining balance....
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Model Experiment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim SH

  • KMID: 1426859
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2013 Jun;12(2):39-46.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a most common cause of vertigo. Although endolymphatic flow which is caused by movement of detached-otoconia from otolithic organs has been suggested as a...
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Pathophysiology of Nystagmus in Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Lee TK, Sung KB

  • KMID: 1426903
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2013 Mar;12(1):1-15.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is easily diagnosed when the specific pattern of nystagmus is demonstrated by adequate provoking maneuver. Therefore, recognizing the pattern of nystagmus is important to determine...
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Management of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Song CI, Park HJ

  • KMID: 1702046
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2013 Dec;12(4):111-120.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is characterized by brief recurrent episodes of vertigo triggered by head positional changes. BPPV is one of the most common causes of recurrent vertigo. BPPV...
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