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Magnetic Resonance Image Texture Analysis of the Periaqueductal Gray Matter in Episodic Migraine Patients without T2-Visible Lesions

Chen Z, Chen X, Liu M, Liu S, Yu S, Ma L

OBJECTIVE: The periaqueductal gray matter (PAG), a small midbrain structure, presents dysfunction in migraine. However, the precise neurological mechanism is still not well understood. Herein, the aim of this study...
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Afferent Pathway-Mediated Effect of α1 Adrenergic Antagonist, Tamsulosin, on the Neurogenic Bladder After Spinal Cord Injury

Han JH, Kim SE, Ko IG, Kim J, Kim KH

PURPOSE: The functions of the lower urinary tract (LUT), such as voiding and storing urine, are dependent on complex central neural networks located in the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral...
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Effect of P. ginseng on the expression of c-Fos in the brain of Wistar rats with testosterone induced benign prostatic hyperplasia

Jang HM

The lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) show in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The three major micturition centers in brain are pontine micturition center (PMC), ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG), and medial...
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Presence of multiple peripheral circadian oscillators in the tissues controlling voiding function in mice

Noh JY, Han DH, Kim MH, Ko IG, Kim SE, Park N, Choe HK, Kim KH, Kim K, Kim CJ, Cho S

Circadian clocks are the endogenous oscillators that harmonize a variety of physiological processes within the body. Although many urinary functions exhibit clear daily or circadian variation in diurnal humans and...
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A Case of Thiamine (Vitamin B1)-Deficient Optic Neuropathy Associated with Wernicke's Encephalopathy

Kim JY, Heo DW, Lee HJ, Lee YH

  • KMID: 2338581
  • J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.
  • 2013 Dec;54(12):1954-1959.
PURPOSE: To report a case of subacute optic neuropathy caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. CASE SUMMARY: A 44-year-old woman was referred to the ophthalmology department due to decreased vision which...
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Changes in c-Fos Expression in the Forced Swimming Test: Common and Distinct Modulation in Rat Brain by Desipramine and Citalopram

Choi SH, Chung S, Cho JH, Cho YH, Kim JW, Kim JM, Kim HJ, Kim HJ, Shin KH

Rodents exposed to a 15-min pretest swim in the forced swimming test (FST) exhibit prolonged immobility in a subsequent 5-min test swim, and antidepressant treatment before the test swim reduces...
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Swimming: Effects on Stress Urinary Incontinence and the Expression of Nerve Growth Factor in Rats Following Transabdominal Urethrolysis

Ko IG, Kim SE, Kim BK, Shin MS, Kim CJ, Yim SJ, Bang YJ, Choi IH, Kim KH

  • KMID: 2232797
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2011 Jun;15(2):74-81.
PURPOSE: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) commonly occurs in women, and it has an enormous impact on quality of life. Surgery, drugs, and exercise have been recommended for the treatment of...
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Distribution Patterns of Calbindin-D28K and NADPH-Diaphorase Positive Neurons in the Midbrain Periaqueductal Gray of the Rabbit

Oh HJ, Kim SH, Kim HR, Park SH, Park SH, Shin HR, Jung SY, Lee MI

  • KMID: 2341937
  • J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.
  • 2011 May;50(3):228-235.
OBJECTIVES: We attempted to compartmentalize the periaqueductal gray (PAG) of the rabbit in terms of the different distribution patterns between NADPH-diaphorase (NADPHd)- and calbindin D28K (CB)-positive neurons. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescent...
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Wernicke's Encephalopathy and Peripheral Polyneuropathy Developed during Long Term Metronidazole Therapy in a Patient with a Brain Abscess: A Case Report

Park NK, Kwon BS, Park JW, Lee HJ, Ryu GH, Jeong SW, Noh SM

  • KMID: 2176957
  • J Korean Acad Rehabil Med.
  • 2011 Feb;35(1):122-128.
Metronidazole can induce serious neurologic problems including peripheral neuropathy, seizures, and encephalopathy. We examined a patient with acute Wernicke's encephalopathy and peripheral polyneuropathy that had developed after prolonged metronidazole therapy...
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Effect of Treadmill Exercise on Leak-point pressure and Neuronal Activation in Brain of Rats with Stress Urinary Incontinence

Ko IG, Kim SE, Kim CJ, Jung JH, Lee SJ, Kim DH, Lee KY, Kim KH

  • KMID: 2232760
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2010 Oct;14(3):141-148.
PURPOSE: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) commonly occurs in women, and it causes enormous impact on quality of life. Surgery, drugs, and exercise have been recommended for the treatment of this...
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Effects of Herbal Bath "HAC" on Functional Recovery and c-Fos Expression in the Ventrolateral Periaqueductal Gray Region after Sciatic Crushed Nerve Injury in Rats

Ryu MS, Lim HH, Song YK, Lee HJ, Seo JH, Lee MH, Shin MS, Kim CJ

Peripheral nerve injuries are a commonly encountered clinical problem and often result in a chronic pain and severe functional deficits. c-Fos expression is sometimes used as a marker of increased...
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Modulation of Amygdalin on Glycine- and Glutamate-induced Ion Currents in Rat Periaqueductal Gray Neurons

Lee GJ, Lim HH, Song YK, Shin MC, Shin MS, Kim CJ

Amygdalin is known as vitamain B17, and it was called laetrile. Amygdalin is composed of two molecules of glucose, one molecule of benzaldehyde which induces an analgesic action, and one...
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Immunohistochemical Study on the Distribution of Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 7 (IGFBP7) in the Central Nervous System of Adult Rats

Lee HJ, Ahn HS, Park BJ, Cho DY, Chung YH, Kim D, Kim SS, Kim KY, Lee WB

  • KMID: 1982492
  • Korean J Phys Anthropol.
  • 2008 Dec;21(4):381-390.
In the present study, we performed immunohistochemical studies to investigate the detailed distribution of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) in the central nervous system of adult rats. Twelve...
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Wernicke Encephalopathy in a Patient with Long-Standing Vomiting after Pancreatoduodenectomy

Park WY, Kim SW, Lee SY, Shin IS, Kim JM, Park KH, Yang SJ, Yoon JS

  • KMID: 2341311
  • J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.
  • 2007 May;46(3):267-270.
Wernicke encephalopathy is an acute neurologic disorder attributable to thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. We report the case of a 61-year-old female patient who presented Wernicke encephalopathy after surgery for pancreatic...
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Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a Patient with Acute Wernicke Encephalopathy

Kim DH, Kim HK, Park JG

  • KMID: 1626989
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2005 Feb;23(1):108-110.
We report a case of acute Wernicke encephalopathy in which diffusion-weighted imagings (DWI) revealed symmetrical high signal intensities in the medial thalamus, bilateral hemispheres of the cerebellum and periaqueductal gray...
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Two Cases of Methyl Bromide Intoxication with Seizures and Altered Mental State

Jo KD, Yim SB, Lee SK, Choi SH, Kim TH, Han KH, Song KI

  • KMID: 2181955
  • J Korean Epilepsy Soc.
  • 2003 Dec;7(2):125-129.
Methyl bromide is presently used as a fumigant for insects in soil, grains or fruit in storage or transport. It is a neurotoxic agent and has been responsible a number...
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A Case of Wernicke's Encephalopathy in a Patient with Multiple System Atrophy

Shin DI, Seo DH, Chae EB

  • KMID: 1635937
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2003 Aug;21(4):425-428.
A 41-year-old man was admitted due to altered mentality and confusion. He had showed progressive cerebellar ataxia, dysarthria, gait disturbance from his age of 33 years old. Brain MRI revealed...
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Transneuronal Tracing of Neural Pathways Involved in the Innervation of the Rat Vagina by Pseudorabies Virus

Choi JH, Cho KJ, Hyun JS

  • KMID: 2293337
  • Korean J Urol.
  • 2003 May;44(5):460-467.
PURPOSE: Female sexual dysfunction is a new, rapidly expanding area of sexual medicine. However, there is little knowledge of the neuroanatomy and pathophysiology involved in female sexual responses, especially with...
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Changes of the Cholinergic Innervation to the Hippocampus after Entorhinal Cortex Lesion in Rat

Ko MH, Kim DS, Byun KH, Kim JW, Kim MJ, Oh MY, Lee BH

  • KMID: 1894515
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2003 Feb;36(1):31-38.
The hippocampus is known as involved in learning and memory functions and the entorhinal cortex plays a crucial role as a gateway connecting the several areas and hippocampal formation. Entorhinal...
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Localization of Nerves Innervating the Auricle of the Rat in the Brain and Spinal Cord

Han EH, Hong HJ, Hwang SS, Lee CH, Kim HT, Song CH, Lee MS

  • KMID: 2092794
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2002 Dec;35(6):473-482.
The nerves innervating the auricle of the rat were investigated using PRV (pseudorabies virus) as a neural tracer. The neural tracer was injected into rostral part of the right auricle...
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