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Effect of saccharin on inflammation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the related mechanism

Kim HL, Ha AW, Kim WK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive intake of simple sugars induces obesity and increases the risk of inflammation. Thus, interest in alternative sweeteners as a sugar substitute is increasing. The purpose of this study...
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Arg-Leu-Tyr-Glu Suppresses Retinal Endothelial Permeability and Choroidal Neovascularization by Inhibiting the VEGF Receptor 2 Signaling Pathway

Park W, Baek YY, Kim J, Jo DH, Choi S, Kim JH, Kim T, Kim S, Park M, Kim JY, Won MH, Ha KS, Kim JH, Kwon YG, Kim YM

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role in pathologic ocular neovascularization and vascular leakage via activation of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). This study was undertaken to evaluate the...
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Docosahexaenoic acid reduces adenosine triphosphate-induced calcium influx via inhibition of store-operated calcium channels and enhances baseline endothelial nitric oxide synthase phosphorylation in human endothelial cells

Vu TT, Dieterich , Vu TT, Deussen A

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3-fatty acid, modulates multiple cellular functions. In this study, we addressed the effects of DHA on human umbilical vein endothelial cell calcium transient and endothelial nitric...
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Effect of Ambrisentan Therapy on the Expression of Endothelin Receptor, Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase and NADPH Oxidase 4 in Monocrotaline-induced Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Rat Model

Lee H, Yeom A, Kim KC, Hong YM

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Elevated endothelin (ET)-1 level is strongly correlated with the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Expression level of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) 4 is increased...
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Spinal Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II Increases Neurosteroid-metabolizing Cytochrome P450c17 Expression in a Rodent Model of Neuropathic Pain

Choi SR, Beitz AJ, Lee JH

We have previously demonstrated that the neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) induces functional potentiation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors via increases in phosphorylation of NMDA receptor GluN1 subunit (pGluN1). However, the modulatory...
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The Effect of Saccharin on the Gene Expression of NF-κB and Inflammatory Cytokines in LPS-Stimulated SW480 Colon Cancer Cells

Choi H, Kim S, Kang H, Kim M, Kim W

There have been no published studies concerning the anti-inflammatory effects of corn silk on colon cancer cells. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of corn silk extract...
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Protective effect of Cordyceps militaris against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in vitro

He MT, Lee AY, Park CH, Cho EJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl (·OH), nitric oxide (NO), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is reported to induce oxidative stress. ROS generated by oxidative stress...
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4′-O-β-D-Glucosyl-5-O-Methylvisamminol Attenuates Pro-Inflammatory Responses and Protects against Oxidative Damages

Yoo OK, Keum YS

We attempted to examine anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of 4′-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (GOMV), the first epigenetic inhibitor of histone phosphorylation at Ser10. While GOMV did not affect the viability of murine macrophage...
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The Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Sulforaphane in Mice with Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis

Yoo IH, Kim MJ, Kim J, Sung JJ, Park ST, Ahn SW

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-associated inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system and results in serious disability. Although many disease-modifying therapy drugs have been developed, these drugs have...
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Combination Effect of Titrated Extract of Centella asiatica and Astaxanthin in a Mouse Model of Phthalic Anhydride-Induced Atopic Dermatitis

Park JH, Yeo IJ, Jang JS, Kim KC, Park MH, Lee HP, Han SB, Hong JT

PURPOSE: In our previous study, we demonstrated that both titrated extract of Centella asiatica (TECA) and astaxanthin (AST) have anti-inflammatory effects in a 5% phthalic anhydride (PA) mouse model of...
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Baicalein Inhibits Dextran Sulfate Sodium-induced Mouse Colitis

Zhong X, Surh YJ, Do SG, Shin E, Shim KS, Lee CK, Na HK

BACKGROUND: Baicalein is a bioactive flavone that is originally extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. This plant has long served as Chinese herbal medicine in the management of...
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Anti-inflammatory effect of aged black garlic on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced dermatitis in mice

You BR, Yoo JM, Baek SY, Kim MR

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although aged black garlic has various biological activities such as anti-allergy, anti-inflammation and neuroprotection, effect of aged black garlic on chemically contact dermatitis is unclarified. MATERIALS/METHODS: To evaluate anti-dermatitic activity...
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Effect of Garcinia mangostana L. and propolis extracts on the inhibition of inflammation and alveolar bone loss in ligature-induced periodontitis in rats

Sung SJ, Kang KM, Lee KH, Yoo SY, Kook JK, Lee DS, Yu SJ

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of mangosteen extract complex (MEC; Garcinia mangostana L. and propolis extracts) on the inhibition of inflammation and prevention of alveolar...
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Analgesic Effect of Toll-like Receptor 4 Antagonistic Peptide 2 on Mechanical Allodynia Induced with Spinal Nerve Ligation in Rats

Yin Y, Park H, Lee SY, Lee WH, Song HJ, Kim J, Kim DW, Hong J

Neuroinflammation is one of the key mechanisms of neuropathic pain, which is primarily mediated by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathways in microglia. Therefore, TLR4 may be a reasonable...
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The Evaluation of Exogenous Melatonin Administration in Supraspinatus Overuse Tendinopathy in an Experimental Rat Model

Kocadal O, Pepe M, Akyurek N, Gunes Z, Surer H, Aksahin E, Ogut B, Aktekin CN

BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress and inflammation play a critical role in the etiopathogenesis of chronic tendinopathy. Melatonin is an endogenous molecule that exhibits antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of...
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Comparison of Improving Effects for Diabetic Erectile Dysfunction according to the Anti-Glycemic Agents: Phlorizin and Insulin

Park J, Kwon O, Cho SY, Cho MC, Paick JS, Kim SW

PURPOSE: To compare the improving effects of diabetic erectile dysfunction with two anti-glycemic agents; phlorizin and insulin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups (n=15 in each...
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Aralia cordata Extract Activates NF-κB and MAPK Signaling Pathways and Induces Pro-inflammatory Changes in RAW264.7 Macrophages

Seo DW, Cho YI, Yi YJ, Lee SM

Macrophages play essential roles in innate immune responses by producing various immune mediators. Therefore, modulating macrophage function is an attractive strategy to treat immune disorders. Aralia cordata var. continentalis (AC),...
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Optimization of Microenvironments Inducing Differentiation of Tonsil-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells into Endothelial Cell-Like Cells

Oh SY, Choi DH, Jin YM, Yu Y, Kim HY, Kim G, Park YS, Jo I

BACKGROUND: Stem cell engineering is appealing consideration for regenerating damaged endothelial cells (ECs) because stem cells can differentiate into EC-like cells. In this study, we demonstrate that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem...
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Telmisartan Inhibits Nitric Oxide Production and Vessel Relaxation via Protein Phosphatase 2A-mediated Endothelial NO Synthase-Ser¹¹⁷⁹ Dephosphorylation

Cho DH

BACKGROUND: Apart from its blood pressure-lowering effect by blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), exhibits various ancillary effects including cardiovascular protective effects in...
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Rhodanthpyrone A and B play an anti-inflammatory role by suppressing the nuclear factor-κB pathway in macrophages

Kim KS, Han CY, Han YT, Bae EJ

Macrophage-associated inflammation is crucial for the pathogenesis of diverse diseases including metabolic disorders. Rhodanthpyrone (Rho) is an active component of Gentiana rhodantha, which has been used in traditional Chinese medicine...
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