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Current Status and Future Direction of Immunotherapy in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: What Do the Data Suggest?

Lee HW, Cho KJ, Park JY

Most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are diagnosed at an advanced stage of disease. Until recently, systemic treatment options that showed survival benefits in HCC have been limited to tyrosine...
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Heterogeneity of Human γδ T Cells and Their Role in Cancer Immunity

Lee HW, Chung YS, Kim TJ

The γδ T cells are unconventional lymphocytes that function in both innate and adaptive immune responses against various intracellular and infectious stresses. The γδ T cells can be exploited as...
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Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cell Therapy: A Novel Modality for Immune Modulation

Yoon S, Eom GH

Cancer remains a leading cause of death, despite multimodal treatment approaches. Even in patients with a healthy immune response, cancer cells can escape the immune system during tumorigenesis. Cancer cells...
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Scavenger Receptor Class A to E Involved in Various Cancers

Ryu S, Howland A, Song B, Youn C, Song PI

Scavenger receptors typically bind to multiple ligands on a cell surface, including endogenous and modified host-derived molecules and microbial pathogens. They promote the elimination of degraded or harmful substances such...
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Anti-inflammatory Activity of Sambucus Plant Bioactive Compounds against TNF-α and TRAIL as Solution to Overcome Inflammation Associated Diseases: The Insight from Bioinformatics Study

Putra WE, Ode Salma , Rifa'i M

Inflammation is the crucial biological process of immune system which acts as body's defense and protective response against the injuries or infection. However, the systemic inflammation devotes the adverse effects...
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Combination of a Rapidly Penetrating Agonist and a Slowly Penetrating Antagonist Affords Agonist Action of Limited Duration at the Cellular Level

Pearce LV, Ann J, Blumberg P, Lee J

The capsaicin receptor TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid 1) has been an object of intense interest for pharmacological development on account of its critical role in nociception. In the course...
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Extracellular vesicles in renal physiology and clinical applications for renal disease

Kwon SH

Many cells in the nephron release extracellular vesicles (EVs). EVs envelop nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids. The surfaces of EVs express donor cell-specific markers, ligands, and major histocompatibility complex molecules....
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Progress of Coordination and Utilization of Zirconium-89 for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Studies

La MT, Tran VH, Kim HK

Radiometals have been commonly used in medical applications, and utilization of such metals continues to be an attractive research area. In particular, a variety of radiometals have been developed and...
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Bacoside A Induced Sub-G0 Arrest and Early Apoptosis in Human Glioblastoma Cell Line U-87 MG through Notch Signaling Pathway

Aithal MG, Rajeswari

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor with a worst prognosis of less than one year despite advance treatment facilities. Among various signaling pathway genes displaying genetic...
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Induction of Apoptosis Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Root Extract by Inactivation of the Phosphatidyl Inositol 3-kinase/Akt Signaling Pathway in Human Leukemia U937 Cells

Choi EO, Hwang HJ, Choi YH

BACKGROUND: The roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Labiatae) have been widely used in traditional medicine for treatment of various diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of ethanol extracts...
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Isolation of MLL1 Inhibitory RNA Aptamers

Ul-Haq A, Jin ML, Jeong KW, Kim HM, Chun KH

Mixed lineage leukemia proteins (MLL) are the key histone lysine methyltransferases that regulate expression of diverse genes. Aberrant activation of MLL promotes leukemia as well as solid tumors in humans,...
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Selectins: functional importance as cell adhesion molecule in immune system

Noh Y, Cho D, Ko H, Lim D, Chai HH

Selectins are cell membrane glycoproteins that recognize specific glycoconjugates expressed on the surface of cells. Then, selectins adjust cell-cell interactions that are important in inflammation, hemostasis and cancer metastasis. Selectins...
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Evaluation of Anti-inflammatory and Regenerative Efficiency of Naringin and Naringenin in Degenerated Human Nucleus Pulposus Cells: Biological and Molecular Modeling Studies

Devraj VM, Vemuri SK, Banala RR, Gunda SK, AV GR, GPV S

STUDY DESIGN: Development of an in vitro model for assessing the anti-inflammatory efficacies of naringin (Nar) and naringenin (NG). PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of natural flavonoids as therapeutic drugs against...
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The Psychiatric Effects of Cannabis

Kim BS

With the recent legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada and 11 states of the U.S., the interest surrounding cannabis use is increasing. However, many people and even clinicians in Korea...
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Brown Adipocyte and Splenocyte Co-Culture Maintains Regulatory T Cell Subset in Intermittent Hypobaric Conditions

Kang TH, Park JH, Shin D, Choi H, Kim J, Lee MC

BACKGROUND: Brown adipocytes have thermogenic characteristics in neonates and elicit anti-inflammatory responses. We postulated that thermogenic brown adipocytes produce distinctive intercellular effects in a hypobaric state. The purpose of this...
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Near-Infrared Contrast Agents for Bone-Targeted Imaging

Jung JS, Jo D, Jo G, Hyun H

BACKGROUND: For the bone-specific imaging, a structure-inherent targeting of bone tissue recently has been reported a new strategy based on incorporation of targeting moieties into the chemical structure of near-infrared...
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Prognostic Significance of EPHB2 Expression in Colorectal Cancer Progression

Jang BG, Kim HS, Chang WY, Bae JM, Kang GH

BACKGROUND: A receptor tyrosine kinase for ephrin ligands, EPHB2, is expressed in normal colorectal tissues and colorectal cancers (CRCs). The aim of this study was to investigate EPHB2 expression over...
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Beta-amyloid imaging in dementia

Chun KA

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with extracellular plaques, composed of amyloid-beta (Aβ), in the brain. Although the precise mechanism underlying the neurotoxicity of Aβ has not been...
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Programmed death-1 (PD-1) expression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and its relationship with recurrence after conization

Chang H, Hong JH, Lee JK, Cho HW, Ouh YT, Min KJ, So KA

OBJECTIVE: Impaired local cellular immunity contributes to persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and its ligands PD-ligand-1 (L1) and PD-L2 are...
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Can oliceridine (TRV130), an ideal novel µ receptor G protein pathway selective (µ-GPS) modulator, provide analgesia without opioid-related adverse reactions?

Ok HG, Kim SY, Lee SJ, Kim TK, Huh BK, Kim KH

All drugs have both favorable therapeutic and untoward adverse effects. Conventional opioid analgesics possess both analgesia and adverse reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression. The opioid ligand binds...
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