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A Case Report of Reiter's Syndrome with Progressive Myelopathy

Kim SK, An JY, Park MS, Kim BJ

Reiter's syndrome belongs to the family of spondyloarthropathies that usually present with a triad of arthritis, urethritis, and uveitis. The diagnostic criteria include clinical, radiological, and genetic findings, and the...
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Complete Binocular Blindness as the First Manifestation of HIV-Related Cryptococcal Meningitis

Hong YJ, Jung S, Kim JY, Kwon SB, Song KB, Hwang SH, Min YK, Kwon KH, Lee BC

Ocular complications of HIV-related cryptococcal meningitis are reasonably common, but complete binocular blindness as the first manifestation of HIV is extremely rare. A 58-year-old man presented with binocular blindness. He...
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A Small Dorsal Pontine Infarction Presenting with Total Gaze Palsy Including Vertical Saccades and Pursuit

Lee E, Kim JS, Kim JS, Song HS, Kim SM, Kwon SU

A small localized infarction in the dorsal pontine area can cause various eye-movement disturbances, such as abducens palsy, horizontal conjugate gaze palsy, internuclear ophthalmoplegia, and one-and-a-half syndrome. However, complete loss...
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Idiopathic Spinal Cord Herniation as a Treatable Cause of Progressive Brown-Sequard Syndrome

Kim JM, Oh SH, Kim KJ, Park SH, Park KS

Idiopathic spinal cord herniation is a rare spinal cord disorder caused by spinal cord prolapse through a adural defect. It is a curable disease, so early detection is of particular...
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Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy in AIDS: Proton MR Spectroscopy Patterns of Asynchronous Lesions Confirmed by Serial Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Mapping

Yoon JH, Bang OY, Kim HS

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare disease that occurs mainly in immunocompromised patients. Despite the progressive nature of the disease, the changes on MRI during the disease course -...
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Ipsilateral Axial Lateropulsion as an Initial Symptom of Lateral Medullary Infarction: a Case Report

Kim HJ, Kwon HM, Huh YE, Oh MY, Lee YS

The dorsolateral medullary syndrome (Wallenberg's syndrome) is produced by infarction of a wedge of lateral medulla posterior to the inferior olivary nucleus, and is usually caused by vertebral artery occlusion....
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Akinetic Mutism and Cognitive-Affective Syndrome Caused by Unilateral PICA Infarction

Yang Y, Kim JE, Lee JS, Kim S

A 42-year-old man with left posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) infarction presented with akinetic mutism and cognitive impairment. Initially he suffered from akinetic mutism and MRI-documented infarction in the distribution...
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Induced Hypertensive Therapy in an Acute Ischemic Stroke Patient with Early Neurological Deterioration

Kim HJ, Kang DW

Poststroke hypotension may be related to early neurological deterioration and infarct progression by decrease of cerebral perfusion, particularly in patients with ischemic penumbra. However, optimal management guideline of blood pressure...
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Oral Administration of Memantine Prolongs Survival in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Joo IS, Hwang DH, Seok JI, Shin SK, Kim SU

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-mediated neurotoxicity and oxidative stress have been implicated in the etiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Memantine is a low-affinity, noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist that may...
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Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Zonisamide Monotherapy in Epilepsy Patients

Park SP, Kim SY, Hwang YH, Lee HW, Suh CK, Kwon SH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Zonisamide (ZNS) is a useful antiepileptic drug with a broad therapeutic spectrum. However, there is limited information on the long-term use of ZNS as a monotherapy. This...
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Large-Artery Stenosis Predicts Subsequent Vascular Events in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attack

Park KY, Youn YC, Chung CS, Lee KH, Kim GM, Chung PW, Moon HS, Kim YB

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated subsequent vascular events in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) and determined the predictors of such events among vascular risk factors including large-artery disease, TIA-symptom...
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