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Circulating MicroRNAs and T-Cell Cytokine Expression Are Associated With the Characteristics of Asthma Exacerbation

Wardzyńska A, Pawełczyk M, Rywaniak J, Kurowski M, Makowska J, Kowalski M

PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA)...
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Therapeutic Effect of Glucosamine on an Atopic Dermatitis Animal Model

Yoon HS, Byun JW, Shin J, Kim YH, Choi GS

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that glucosamine (GlcN) showed therapeutic effects in allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis, and its mechanisms include the suppression of T helper type 2...
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Dioscorea japonica Thunb. Ethanolic Extract Attenuated Oxazolone-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin Lesions in BALB/c Mice

Jegal J, Park NJ, Jo BG, Kim SN, Yang MH

The rhizomes of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. are widely consumed as food and also used to treat diabetes and polyuria in Korea. This study was undertaken to study the anti-atopic dermatitis...
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Short-term Haze Exposure Predisposes Healthy Volunteers to Nasal Inflammation

Xian M, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the impact of short-term haze exposure on nasal inflammation in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Thirty-three healthy university students were assessed for nasal symptoms, nasal patency, upper...
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Distinct Inflammation Biomarkers in Healthy Individuals and Patients with Schizophrenia: A Reliability Testing of Multiplex Cytokine Immunoassay by Bland-Altman Analysis

Yeh TC, Chu HT, Tsai CK, Chang HA, Yang FC, Huang SY, Liang CS

OBJECTIVE: Since the inflammatory process has been implicated in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorder, an important issue emerging is to assess the test-retest reliability of cytokine measurement in healthy individuals...
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Udenafil Induces the Hair Growth Effect of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

Choi N, Sung JH

Udenafil, which is a PDE5 inhibitor, is used to treat erectile dysfunction. However, it is unclear whether udenafil induces hair growth via the stimulation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). In...
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Antiallergic Effect of Hizikia fusiformis in an Ovalbumin-Induced Allergic Rhinitis Mouse Model

Zhang YL, Shin HJ, Lee JH, Lee J

OBJECTIVES: The extract of Hizikia fusiformis is known to exhibit anticancer, antiatopic and antioxidant activities. We aimed to investigate the extract of H. fusiformis on allergic rhinitis inflammation in a...
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Production of Inflammatory Cytokines and Nitric Oxide by Human Mast Cells Incubated with Toxoplasma gondii Lysate

Park EA, Han IH, Kim JH, Park SJ, Ryu JS, Ahn MH

The roles of mast cells in allergic diseases and helminth infections are well known. However, the roles of mast cells in T. gondii infection is poorly understood. This study was...
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Peripheral Biomarkers for First-Episode Psychosis—Opportunities from the Neuroinflammatory Hypothesis of Schizophrenia

Trovão N, Prata J, VonDoellinger O, Santos S, Barbosa M, Coelho R

OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is a disabling disorder of unknown aetiology, lacking definite diagnostic method and cure. A reliable biological marker of schizophrenia is highly demanded, for which traceable immune mediators in...
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Intranasal Treatment With 1, 25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 Alleviates Allergic Rhinitis Symptoms in a Mouse Model

Cho SW, Zhang YL, Ko YK, Shin JM, Lee JH, Rhee CS, Kim DY

PURPOSE: Vitamin D is a potent immunomodulator. However, its role in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis is unclear. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiallergic effect of...
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N-acetyl-l-cysteine controls osteoclastogenesis through regulating Th17 differentiation and RANKL in rheumatoid arthritis

Kim HR, Kim KW, Kim BM, Lee KA, Lee SH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to determine the regulatory role of N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, in interleukin 17 (IL-17)-induced osteoclast differentiation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: After RA synovial fibroblasts were stimulated...
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From Bench to Clinic: the Potential of Therapeutic Targeting of the IL-22 Signaling Pathway in Atopic Dermatitis

Jin M, Yoon J

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common pruritic inflammatory skin disease characterized by thickening of epidermis and dermis as well as by the infiltration of multiple pathogenic polarized T lymphocytes,...
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Mucosal Immunity Related to FOXP3⁺ Regulatory T Cells, Th17 Cells and Cytokines in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Cho J, Kim S, Yang DH, Lee J, Park KW, Go J, Hyun CL, Jee Y, Kang KS

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate mucosal immunity related to forkhead box P3 (FOXP3+) regulatory T (Treg) cells, T helper 17 (Th17) cells and cytokines in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS:...
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The Effect of Adiponectin on the Regulation of Filaggrin Expression in Normal Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Choi SY, Kim MJ, Ahn GR, Park KY, Lee MK, Seo SJ

BACKGROUND: Adiponectin, an adipokine secreted from adipocytes, affects energy metabolism and also shows anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. Recent studies have reported that adiponectin plays a role in regulating skin inflammation. OBJECTIVE:...
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Bcl11b Regulates IL-17 Through the TGF-β/Smad Pathway in HDM-Induced Asthma

Chen S, Han Y, Chen H, Wu J, Zhang M

PURPOSE: T helper (Th) 17 cells play a critical role in the development of asthma, but the underlying mechanism of how interleukin (IL)-17 is regulated in allergic airway inflammation is...
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Lactobacillus plantarum-derived Extracellular Vesicles Protect Atopic Dermatitis Induced by Staphylococcus aureus-derived Extracellular Vesicles

Kim MH, Choi SJ, Choi HI, Choi JP, Park HK, Kim EK, Kim MJ, Moon BS, Min TK, Rho M, Cho YJ, Yang S, Kim YK, Kim YY, Pyun BY

PURPOSE: The microbial environment is an important factor that contributes to the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). Recently, it was revealed that not only bacteria itself but also extracellular vesicles...
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Association between an Interleukin 4 Gene Polymorphism, rs2243268, and Urogenital Tuberculosis

Shim B, Lee SD, Kim TH, Jung SI, Cho WY, Lee G

PURPOSE: Urogenital tuberculosis (UGT) is rarely reported in developed countries. This study evaluated the genetic susceptibility of Korean patients to UGT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 UGT patients who...
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Thapsigargin Increases IL-2 Production in T Cells at Nanomolar Concentrations

Kim KH, Kim SH, Jung HH, Moon JH, Jeong SU, Yu K, Lee CK

Thapsigargin (TGN) is a potent and selective inhibitor of sarco-endoplasmic Ca²⁺-ATPase, leading to rapid elevation of cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration. Previous reports have shown that TGN increases the production of various...
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Interleukin-4 Contributes to Degeneration of Dopamine Neurons in the Lipopolysaccharide-treated Substantia Nigra in vivo

Bok E, Cho EJ, Chung ES, Shin WH, Jin BK

The present study investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-4 on dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) in vivo of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated rat. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry showed a significant...
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Tolerogenic Dendritic Cells Reduce Airway Inflammation in a Model of Dust Mite Triggered Allergic Inflammation

Aragão-França LS, Rocha VC, Cronemberger-Andrade A, Costa FH, Vasconcelos JF, Athanazio , Silva DN, Santos ES, Meira CS, Araújo CF, Cerqueira , Cardillo F, Alcântara-Neves NM, Soares MB, Pontes-de-Carvalho LC

PURPOSE: The use of tolerogenic dendritic cells (TolDCs) to control exacerbated immune responses may be a prophylactic and therapeutic option for application in autoimmune and allergic conditions. The objective of...
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