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Change in the Annual Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli in Community-Onset Urinary Tract Infection between 2008 and 2017 in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Korea

Kim YJ, Lee JM, Cho J, Lee J

The susceptibility of Escherichia coli from community onset urinary tract infection (UTI) was evaluated by dividing community onset UTI into the simple community acquired-UTI (CA-UTI) and healthcare associated UTI (HCA-UTI)...
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Epidural Abscess Caused by Eikenella corrodens in a Previously Healthy Child

Kim YK, Han MS, Yang SI, Yun KW, Han DH, Kim JY, Choi EH

Eikenella corrodens rarely causes invasive head and neck infections in immunocompetent children. We report a case of epidural abscess caused by E. corrodens in a previously healthy 13-year-old boy who...
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Antibiotics Susceptability of Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated from Single Tertiary Childrens' Hospital Since 2014 and Choice of Appropriate Empirical Antibiotics

Jung J, Yoo RN, Sung H, Kim M, Lee J

PURPOSE: We investigated the distribution and antimicrobial resistance of pneumococcal isolates from hospitalized children at Asan Medical Center for recent 4 years, and aimed to recommend proper choice of empirical...
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Clinical Characteristics and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Trends in Citrobacter Bacteremia: An 11-Year Single-Center Experience

Lee R, Choi SM, Jo SJ, Lee J, Cho SY, Kim SH, Lee DG, Jeong HS

BACKGROUND: Recently, Citrobacter freundii bacteremia outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit has attracted public attention in Korea. However, Citrobacter bacteremia is uncommon and usually occurs in patients with underlying...
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Differences in Antimicrobial Resistance Phenotypes by the Group of CTX-M Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase

Gwon B, Yoon EJ, Kim D, Lee H, Shin JH, Shin JH, Shin KS, Kim YA, Uh Y, Kim HS, Kim YR, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates producing CTX-M extendedspectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) were assessed for antimicrobial resistance phenotypes varied by group of enzymes. METHODS: A total of 1,338 blood isolates,...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Microorganisms Isolated from Patients with Intraabdominal Infection in Korea: a Multicenter Study

Yoon YK, Kim J, Moon C, Lee MS, Hur J, Lee H, Kim SW

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens isolated from Korean patients with intraabdominal infections (IAIs). METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted at 6 university-affiliated hospitals in Korea between 2016...
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Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Invasive and Noninvasive Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates in Korea between 2014 and 2016

Park DC, Kim SH, Yong D, Suh IB, Kim YR, Yi J, Song W, Song SA, Moon HW, Lee HK, Park KU, Kim S, Jeong SH, Lee J, Jeong J, Kim YK, Lee M, Cho J, Kim JW, Shin KS, Hwang SH, Chung JW, Woo HI, Lee CH, Ryoo N, Chang CL, Kim HS, Kim J, Shin JH, Kim SH, Lee MK, Lee SG, Jang SJ, Lee K, Suh H, Sohn YH, Kwon MJ, Lee HJ, Hong KH, Woo KS, Park CM, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to differences in Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype distribution. We investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of S. pneumoniae isolated between 2014 and 2016 in Korea. METHODS: We...
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Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Bacillus anthracis strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017

Manzulli V, Fasanella , Parisi A, Serrecchia L, Donatiello A, Rondinone , Caruso M, Zange S, Tscherne A, Decaro N, Pedarra C, Galante D

Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is a non-contagious infectious disease that affects a wide range of animal species (primarily ruminants) including humans. Due to the often-fatal outcome in humans, quick...
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Nocardia abscessus Cutaneous Abscess: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Park HS, Son BR, Song MS, Shin KS

We describe a cutaneous abscess caused by Nocardia abscessus in a previously healthy woman. A 74-year-old woman presented with recurrent bullae on her left forearm that developed 1 week prior...
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Biological and Genetic Characteristics of Clinically Isolated Enterobacter cloacae with Multidrug Resistance

Kim JJ, Koo SH

BACKGROUND: From January 2014 to December 2015, 69 clones of Enterobacter cloacae showing multidrug resistance to six classes of antimicrobial agents were collected from two medical centers in Korea. METHODS: Minimum...
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Changing trends in clinical characteristics and antibiotic susceptibility of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia

Hyun M, Noh CI, Ryu SY, Kim HA

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Klebsiella pneumoniae is second most common organism of gram-negative bacteremia in Korea and one of the most common cause of urinary tract infection, and intra-abdominal infection. METHODS: We compared clinical...
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Mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion in a girl with acute pyelonephritis

Yeom JS, Koo CM, Park JS, Seo JH, Park ES, Lim JY, Woo HO, Youn HS

We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who had mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with acutepyelonephritis caused by Escherichia coli. The patient was admitted with...
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Association between Beta-lactam Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence Factors in AmpC Producing Clinical Strains of P. aeruginosa

Dehbashi S, Tahmasebi , Arabestani MR

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of IMP and OXA genes in clinical strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) that are carriers of the ampC...
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Empirical antibiotics for recurrent urinary tract infections in children

Choi HG, Lee JY, Oh CE

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare antibiotic resistance patterns between first urinary tract infection (UTI) and recurrent UTI groups and to obtain information regarding empirical antibiotic selection...
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Relationships between Virulence Factors and Antimicrobial Resistance among Escherichia coli Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections and Commensal Isolates in Tehran, Iran

Karam MR, Habibi M, Bouzari S

OBJECTIVES: Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are the major cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we determined whether sensitivity to antibiotics was related to the prevalence of iron scavenging genes,...
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Prevalence of Fecal Carriage of CTX-M-15 Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli in Healthy Children from a Rural Andean Village in Venezuela

Araque M, Labrador I

OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial resistant extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) have been shown to be present in healthy communities. This study examined healthy children from the rural Andean village of Llano del Hato, Mérida,...
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Screening of Antibiotics that Selectively Inhibit a Bacterial Species Associated with a Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis Risk

Lee A, Kim Y, Choi Y

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder for which no curative treatment is available. We previously reported that decreased Streptococcus salivarius and increased Acinetobacter johnsonii on the...
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Campylobacter jejuni Bacteremia in a Liver Cirrhosis Patient and Review of Literature: A Case Study

Yoon JG, Lee SN, Hyun HJ, Choi MJ, Jeon JH, Jung E, Kang S, Kim J, Noh JY, Choi WS, Song JY, Cheong HJ, Kim WJ

Campylobacter infection causes gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain or diarrhea. Occasionally, Campylobacter bacteremia affects immunocompromised patients; however, serious outcomes are known to be rare. Here, we present a case...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibilities of Enterobacteriaceae in Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections during a 5-year Period: A Single Hospital Study in Korea

Park JJ, Seo YB, Lee J

BACKGROUND: Through investigating antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in community-acquired urinary tract infection (CA-UTI), we provide basic evidence for the use of empirical antibiotics in CA-UTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively...
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Changes in the Serotype Distribution among Antibiotic Resistant Carriage Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates in Children after the Introduction of the Extended-Valency Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Lee JK, Yun KW, Choi EH, Kim SJ, Lee SY, Lee HJ

This study investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of 3,820 nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from infants and children who presented with respiratory symptoms at Seoul National University Children's Hospital...
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