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Cold-associated skin disorders

Lee JD

The human capacity for physiologic adaptation to cold is minimal. A cold environment can be a threat to the skin, leading to a subsequent fall in core body temperature. Many...
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Effects of Bicycle Ergometer Exercise on Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity and Electroencephalogram Response in Normoxia and Hypoxia

Kim SD, Kim MW, Jeong IG

BACKGROUND: The cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) has been known to increase in response to acute hypoxia. However, how CBFV might respond to exercise in hypoxic conditions and be associated...
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High-Altitude Cerebral Edema Evaluated with MRI: A Case Report

Hwang S, Lee BH, Hwang YJ, Kim JW

High-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a rare life-threatening condition observed in individuals who climb high altitudes. This report describes the case of a 38-year-old man who recently climbed a 5000-m-high...
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Exposure and Exercise Training in Hypoxic Conditions as a New Obesity Therapeutic Modality: A Mini Review

Park HY, Kim J, Park MY, Chung N, Hwang H, Nam SS, Lim K

Obesity is an important health problem caused by positive energy balance. Generally, low calorie dietary intake combined with regular exercise is the most common modality to lose bodily fat in...
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Analysis of Five Arboviruses and Culicoides Distribution on Cattle Farms in Jeollabuk-do, Korea

Yang D, Yang MS, Rhim H, Han JI, Oem JK, Kim YH, Lee KK, Lim CW, Kim B

Arthropod-borne viruses (Arboviruses) are transmitted by arthropods such as Culicoides biting midges and cause abortion, stillbirth, and congenital malformation in ruminants, apparently leading to economic losses to farmers. To monitor...
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Changes of hemodynamic and cerebral oxygenation after exercise in normobaric and hypobaric hypoxia: associations with acute mountain sickness

Kammerer T, Faihs V, Hulde N, Bayer A, Hübner M, Brettner F, Karlen W, Kröpfl JM, Rehm M, Spengler C, Schäfer S

OBJECTIVE: Normobaric (NH) and hypobaric hypoxia (HH) are associated with acute mountain sickness (AMS) and cognitive dysfunction. Only few variables, like heart-rate-variability, are correlated with AMS. However, prediction of AMS...
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Effect of long term high altitude exposure on cardiovascular autonomic adjustment during rest and post-exercise recovery

Bhattarai , Paudel BH, Thakur D, Bhattarai , Subedi B, Khadka R

BACKGROUND: Despite the successful adaptation to high altitude, some differences do occur due to long term exposure to the hypoxic environment. The effect of long term high altitude exposure on...
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Arthothelium punctatum (Arthoniaceae, Arthoniales), A New Lichen Species from South Korea

Park JS, Park SY, Park CH, Jang SH, Hur JS

A total of 121 species of lichens belonging to the genus Arthothelium have been described to date, most of which have been found in tropical regions. Here, we describe the...
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Altitude Stress During Participation of Medical Congress

Kim SB, Kim JS, Kim SJ, Cho SH, Suh DC

Medical congresses often held in highlands. We reviewed several medical issues associated with altitude stress especially while physicians have participated medical congress held in high altitude. Altitude stress, also known...
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No Concentration Decrease of House Dust Mite Allergens With Rising Altitude in Alpine Regions

Grafetstätter C, Prossegger J, Braunschmid H, Sanovic R, Hahne P, Pichler C, Thalhamer , Hartl A

PURPOSE: Several studies over the past 4 decades have indicated a significant reduction in house dust mite (HDM) and HDM allergen concentration in areas higher than 1,500 m above sea...
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In vitro Stimulation of NK Cells and Lymphocytes Using an Extract Prepared from Mycelial Culture of Ophiocordyceps sinensis

Jang SH, Park J, Jang SH, Chae SW, Jung SJ, So BO, Ha KC, Sin HS, Jang YS

Ophiocordyceps sinensis is a natural fungus that has been valued as a health food and used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. The fungus is parasitic and colonizes insect larva....
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A Study on Heuristic Transportation Routes of Patients with Acute Dysbarism for the Best Prognosis

Kim J, Jeong HH, Cho JP, Jeon WC, Oh KJ, Choi SC

PURPOSE: Acute dysbarism is a potentially lethal injury associated with environmental medicine. Therefore, prompt treatment, including transportation of victims, is important for the best prognosis. The aim of this study...
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Prevalence, Associated Risk Factors, and Phylogenetic Analysis of Toxocara vitulorum Infection in Yaks on the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau, China

Li K, Lan Y, Luo H, Zhang H, Liu D, Zhang L, Gui R, Wang L, Shahzad M, Sizhu S, Li J, Chamba Y

Toxocara vitulorum has been rarely reported in yaks at high altitudes and remote areas of Sichuan Province of Tibetan Plateau of China. The current study was designed to investigate the...
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Time trend of malaria in relation to climate variability in Papua New Guinea

Park JW, Cheong HK, Honda Y, Ha M, Kim H, Kolam J, Inape K, Mueller I

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to describe the regional malaria incidence in relation to the geographic and climatic conditions and describe the effect of altitude on the expansion of malaria...
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Down Syndrome in Moderate Altitude Residents: Are There Unique Features?

Shim CY

No abstract available.
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A Consideration of Breast Imagery in Art as Depicted through Western Painting

Hwang K, Park JY, Hwang SW

The aim of this study is to consider breast imagery in art as depicted through western painting. Twenty western art paintings were collated. Most of the sample paintings were created...
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Computation of geographic variables for air pollution prediction models in South Korea

Eum Y, Song I, Kim HC, Leem JH, Kim SY

Recent cohort studies have relied on exposure prediction models to estimate individual-level air pollution concentrations because individual air pollution measurements are not available for cohort locations. For such prediction models,...
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Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on Intestinal Barrier Function in Rats Exposed to High Altitude Hypoxia Environment

Xu C, Sun R, Qiao X, Xu C, Shang X, Niu W, Chao Y

The study was conducted to investigate the role of vitamin E in the high altitude hypoxia-induced damage to the intestinal barrier in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control (Control),...
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Prophylactic Effect of Erythropoietin Injection to Prevent Acute Mountain Sickness: An Open-Label Randomized Controlled Trial

Heo K, Kang JK, Choi CM, Lee MS, Noh KW, Kim SB

This study was performed to evaluate whether increasing hemoglobin before ascent by prophylactic erythropoietin injections prevents acute mountain sickness (AMS). This open-label, randomized, controlled trial involved 39 healthy volunteers with...
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High Altitude Remains Associated with Elevated Suicide Rates after Adjusting for Socioeconomic Status: A Study from South Korea

Kim J, Choi N, Lee YJ, An H, Kim N, Yoon HK, Lee HJ

There have been several studies supporting a possible relationship between high suicide rate and high altitude. However socioeconomic status may confound this association because low socioeconomic status, which is known...
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