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Determination of Colistin Resistance by Simple Disk Diffusion Test Using Modified Mueller-Hinton Agar

Uwizeyimana JD, Kim D, Lee H, Byun JH, Yong D

BACKGROUND: Colistin has become a last-resort antibiotic for the management of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. The disk diffusion test is cheap and easy to perform but may be unreliable for colistin...
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Role of Efflux Pump Gene adeIJK to Multidrug Resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates

Choi JA, Kim CM, Jang SJ, Cho SS, Jang CH, Ko YJ, Kang SH, Park G

BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii as a nosocomial pathogen is one of the major public health problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of...
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Season and Temperature Effects on Bloodstream Infection Incidence in a Korean Tertiary Referral Hospital

Sohn YS, Byun JH, Kim YA, Shin DC, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The weather has well-documented effects on infectious disease and reports suggest that summer peaks in the incidences of gram-negative bacterial infections among hospitalized patients. We evaluated how season and...
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Evaluation of Synergistic Effect of Combined Treatment with Linalool and Colistin on Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii to Expand Candidate for Therapeutic Option

Kim UJ, Kim CM, Jang SJ, Lee SB, Cho SS, Jeong SH, Ko YJ, Kang SH, Park G, Kim DM, Yoon NR, Ahn YJ, Lim DH, Kook JK

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii infection is a significant health problem worldwide due to increased drug resistance. The limited antimicrobial alternatives for the treatment of severe infections by multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MDRAB)...
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A Novel Mismatched PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Assay for Rapid Detection of gyrA and parC Mutations Associated With Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii

Kakuta N, Nakano R, Nakano A, Suzuki Y, Tanouchi A, Masui T, Horiuchi S, Endo S, Kakuta R, Ono Y, Yano H

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) of Acinetobacter baumannii DNA gyrase (gyrA) and topoisomerase IV (parC) are linked to fluoroquinolone (FQ) resistance. We developed a mismatched PCR-restriction fragment...
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Adjustment of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method Conditions for Rapid Detection of Carbapenemase-Producing Acinetobacter baumannii

Vu TN, Byun JH, D'Souza R, Pinto NA, Nguyen LP, Yong D, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: The existing modified carbapenem inactivation methods (mCIMs) recommended by the CLSI for detecting carbapenemase production have not been applicable for Acinetobacter baumannii. We evaluated the influence of matrices used...
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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae Acquisition in an Emergency Intensive Care Unit in a Tertiary Hospital in Korea: a Case-Control Study

Kang JS, Yi J, Ko MK, Lee SO, Lee JE, Kim KH

BACKGROUND: Infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are associated with high mortality rates and their treatment is difficult because treatment is limited to certain antibiotics, such as colistin and tigecycline....
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Polymicrobial Keratitis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi

Kang JY, Song JH, Nam KY, Lee SU, Lee SJ

PURPOSE: To report polymicrobial keratitis involving Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi. CASE SUMMARY: A 53-year-old female complained of pain and secretion in her right eye, which started 6 weeks...
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Assessment of bacterial contamination of mobile phones of dentists and dental hygienists by Illumina MiSeq

Lee SY, Lee SY

In a clinical environment, medical staffs often use their mobile phones with their bare hands, thereby possibly exposing them to bacteria contamination. Cross-contamination could occur, where bacteria may be transferred...
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RND efflux pump systems in Acinetobacter, with special emphasis on their role in quorum sensing

Subhadra B, Oh MH, Choi CH

Acinetobacter is an important opportunistic, multidrug resistant pathogen causing majority of nosocomial infections worldwide. The multidrug resistance is attributed by a plethora of efflux pumps and the overexpression of the...
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Development and Evaluation of Multiplex PCR for the Detection of Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae

Kim SH, Bae IK, Kim NY, Song SA, Kim S, Jeong J, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: The isolation of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) has become increasingly common. Continuous surveillance for these organisms is essential because their infections are closely related to outbreaks of illness and are...
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Report of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service on Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology (2016)

Kim JS, Lee HS

Annual proficiency surveys were conducted thrice in 2016 as a part of the Clinical Microbiology Program of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service. This program covers the fields...
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Colonization Prevalence and Risk Factor Analysis of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in an Intensive Care Unit without Outbreaks

Kim YA, Park YS, Lee SS, Son YJ, Yeon JH, Seo YH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is a well-known etiologic agent of a variety of nosocomial infections; the resistance rate to imipenem is surprisingly high in Korea. The colonization of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii...
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Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacterial Isolates Recovered from Nursing Hospitals between 2014 and 2017

Yun SH, Gwon B, Hong HL, Lim HS, Lee KR, Jang I, Yoon EJ, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an issue not only with regard to public health, but also in terms of economic impact. AMR surveillance has mainly been carried out in general...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Microorganisms Isolated from Patients with Intraabdominal Infection in Korea: a Multicenter Study

Yoon YK, Kim J, Moon C, Lee MS, Hur J, Lee H, Kim SW

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens isolated from Korean patients with intraabdominal infections (IAIs). METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted at 6 university-affiliated hospitals in Korea between 2016...
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A successful application of adult polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column hemoperfusion to a neonate with septic shock

Kim YA, Kim H, Kim YM, Park SE

Direct hemoperfusion therapy with a polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (PMX-HP) has been introduced as a therapeutic option for gram negative bacterial septic shock in adults. However, its use in neonates...
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Colistin, Hot Potato for the Therapy of Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections

Park SW

No abstract available.
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Early Intravenous Colistin Therapy as a Favorable Prognostic Factor for 28-day Mortality in Patients with CRAB Bacteremia: a Multicenter Propensity Score-Matching Analysis

Kim T, Park KH, Yu SN, Park SY, Park SY, Lee YM, Jeon MH, Choo EJ, Kim TH, Lee MS, Lee E

BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infection is associated with high mortality. One of the strategies to reduce the mortality in patients with CRAB infections is to use intravenous colistin early...
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Distribution of adeG, adeB, adeE, adeY, abeM, and adeJ Efflux Pump Genes in Clinical Isolates of Acinetobacter Species from Korea

Choi IS, Choi JA, Jang SJ, Park G, Jeong SH, Kim CM, Lee OJ, Kang SH, Moon DS

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of six efflux pump genes in Acinetobacter clinical isolates collected from South Korean hospitals. METHODS: In this study, we...
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Management of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii epidemic in an intensive care unit using multifaceted intervention strategy

Hong J, Jang OJ, Bak MH, Baek EH, Park KH, Hong SI, Cho OH, Bae IG

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated the effects of a multifaceted intervention for controlling a carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) epidemic in an intensive care unit (ICU) with no restrictions on carbapenem use. METHODS: This...
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