Korean J Helicobacter Up Gastrointest Res.  2023 Dec;23(4):277-282. 10.7704/kjhugr.2023.0042.

Comparison of Helicobacter pylori Eradication Rates Using Standard Triple Therapy and Sequential Therapy

  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Asan Digestive Disease Research Institute, Seoul, Korea


The incidence of treatment failures following standard triple therapy (STT) for Helicobacter pylori eradication (HPE) has reached an unacceptable level. Sequential therapy (SQ) has emerged as a promising approach to counteract the escalation of antibiotic resistance. In this study, we used a chronological cohort dataset to conduct a comparative analysis of the eradication rates, compliance, and adverse events associated with the 7-day STT and SQ.
A total of 789 patients underwent HPE treatment at Asan Medical Center between July 2013 and August 2017. Among them, 378 received a 7-day STT and 411 received a 10-day SQ. Baseline clinical data and treatment parameters were compared between the two treatment groups.
SQ demonstrated an eradication rate of 84.7% (348/411), which was superior to that of the 7-day STT (74.1%; p<0.001). The incidence of adverse events was also higher in the SQ group than in the STT group (17.5% vs. 11.1%; p=0.01). Nonetheless, treatment compliance was not significantly different between the groups (98.1% [SQ] vs. 96.8% [STT]; p=0.38). Among the patients undergoing second-line eradication, the SQ group displayed a lower eradication rate than the STT group (77.8% vs. 92.4%; p=0.028). Notably, the overall eradication rate did not differ significantly between the two groups (98.3% [STT] vs. 97.4% [SQ]; p=0.56).
SQ exhibited superior efficacy compared with the 7-day STT as a first-line H. pylori treatment. Thus, SQ holds potential to serve as the replacement for the 7-day STT in treatment-naïve patients.


Helicobacter pylori; Eradication; Antibiotics; Standard triple therapy; Sequential therapy
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