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Therapeutics for acute otitis media

Kown J, Chung J

Background: Acute otitis media (AOM) is diagnosed in patients with acute onset of signs and symptoms of inflammation in the middle ear, accompanied by middle ear effusion. AOM is a...
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Nutrition and Antibiotics for Acute Pancreatitis

So H, Lee HK, Song TJ

Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammatory disease that could be developed into a fatal condition. Traditional dogma was to rest the pancreas by fasting. However, evidence shows the benefits of...
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Analysis of Cholangitis Rates with Extended Perioperative Antibiotics and Adjuvant Corticosteroids in Biliary Atresia

Goh L, Phua KB, Low Y, Chiang LW, Yong C, Chiou FK

Purpose: There is no consensus regarding adjuvant therapies following Kasai portoenterostomy (KP) for biliary atresia (BA). This study aimed to analyze the effect of extended perioperative intravenous antibiotics (PI-Abx) and...
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Factors associated with treatment outcomes of patients hospitalized with severe maxillofacial infections at a tertiary center

Kim HW, Kim CH

Objectives: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the variables associated with length of stay (LOS), hospital costs, intensive care unit (ICU) use, and treatment outcomes in patients...
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The Current Status of Bacterial Identification by Wound Culture for Diabetic Foot Lesions in a Single Tertiary Hospital in South Korea

Jung SY, Lee MJ, Lee SY, Lee SY

Purpose: The present study aimed to develop guidelines regarding initial choice of antibiotics for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) by investigating bacterial isolates. Materials and Methods: This study included 223 DFU patients...
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Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Adrenal Insufficiency and Fever

Jang W, Sohn Y, Park JH, Pai H, Kim DS, Kim B

Background: Because persistent fever often occurs in adrenal insufficiency, it might be confused with infectious diseases. This study aimed to identify clinical characteristics and risk factors of patients with adrenal...
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Febrile urinary tract infection in children: changes in epidemiology, etiology, and antibiotic resistance patterns over a decade

Suh W, Kim BN, Kang HM, Yang EA, Rhim JW, Lee KY

Background: Understanding the epidemiology and prevalence of febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) in children is important for risk stratification and selecting appropriate urine sample collection candidates to aid in its...
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Assessment of Change in Microbiology and Antibiotic Sensitivity of Deep Neck Infection Over 10 Years

Yun JH, Kim SJ, Kim HS, Jung SY

Background and Objectives Treatment using systemic antibiotic administration and surgical drainage has been the common treatment modality for deep neck infection. This study compared the changing pattern of isolated pathogens...
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Respiratory Tract Bacterial Colonization in Long-Term Tracheostomized Pediatric Patients: Comparison between Sites and Two Different Timepoints

Han SH, Kim YS, Kwon SK

Background and Objectives Tracheostomy lead to persistent bacterial colonization of the respiratory tract. Surgical site infection and restenosis by the pathogenic bacteria is the most fatal complication after open airway...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Trends of Streptococcus pneumoniae by Age Groups Over Recent 10 Years in a Single Hospital in South Korea

Oh H, Heo ST, Kim M, Kim YR, Yoo JR

Purpose: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) causes respiratory tract infections. Its non-vaccine serotypes and multidrug-resistant pneumococcal diseases have increased during the post-pneumococcal vaccination era. Therefore, it is important to understand the...
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A Review of Bowel Preparation Before Colorectal Surgery

Ju YU, Min BW

Infectious complications are the biggest problem during bowel surgery, and one of the approaches to minimize them is the bowel cleaning method. It was expected that bowel cleaning could facilitate...
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Effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus HY7032 and Lactobacillus reuteri HY7506 isolated from dog feces on welfare and hair in companion dogs

Lee HJ, Lee SW

Precise combinations of probiotics can be useful in dog nutrition, treatment and care. Also, host specificity must be considered in order to increase the effectiveness of probiotics. In this study,...
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Prospective Control Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Prophylactic Antibiotics in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy on Infection Rate

Yang JD, Yu HC

Purpose This study evaluated the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCC) for the reduction of postoperative infection rate. Materials and Methods Elective LCC was performed on 529 patients at Jeonbuk...
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Microbiological Features and Clinical Factors Associated with Empirical Antibiotic Resistance in Febrile Patients with Upper Urinary Tract Calculi

Cho S, Park MG, Lee KC, Cho SY, Lee JW

Background: To investigate the clinical and microbiological features of febrile patients with upper urinary tract calculi and factors that affect empirical antibiotic resistance. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 203...
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Trends in Bacterial Skin Infections and their Antibiotic Susceptibility in Korea: a 13-year Single-center Study

Jeong JH, Lee JY, Lee SH, Lee AY, Hong JS

Background: The kinds and identification rates of major bacteria causing bacterial skin infections have changed steadily over time. Although studies of the causative pathogen changes over time have been reported...
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Impact of previous metronidazole exposure on metronidazole-based second-line quadruple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection

Lee GH, Lee KM, Shin SJ, Kang JK, Noh CK, Kim JH, Lim SG

Background/Aims: The negative effects on the eradication success of Helicobacter pylori infection after previous exposure to macrolides, including clarithromycin on clarithromycin-based first-line therapy have been demonstrated. However,whether this is...
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Development of Antibiotic Classification for Measuring Antibiotic Usage in Korean Hospitals Using a Modified Delphi Method

Kim B, Yoon YK, Kim DS, Jeong SJ, Ahn SV, Park SH, Kwon KT, Kim HB, Park YS, Kim SW, Kiem S, Choi JY, The Korean Society of Infectious Diseases, The Korean Society for Antimicrobial Therapy, Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service

In 2019, a project designed to develop a system for measuring and comparing antibiotic usage in hospitals was launched in Korea. As part of this project, we developed a means...
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Profiling Virulence and Antimicrobial Resistance Markers of Enterovirulent Escherichia Coli from Fecal Isolates of Adult Patients with Enteric Infections in West Cameroon

Marbou WJT, Jain P, Samajpati S, Halder G, Mukhopadhyay AK, Dutta S, Kuete V

Objectives This study aimed to identify virulent and antimicrobial resistant genes in fecal E. coli in Mbouda, Cameroon. Methods A total of 599 fecal samples were collected from patients with enteric infections who...
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Cancer patients with neutropenic septic shock: etiology and antimicrobial resistance

Jung SM, Kim YJ, Ryoo SM, Sohn CH, Seo DW, Lim KS, Kim WY

Background/Aims: Among patients with febrile neutropenia that developed after chemotherapy, high-risk patients, such as those having clinical instability or Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer score of < 21,...
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Successful Endovascular Treatment of an Infected Aortic Aneurysm Induced by Klebsiella pneumoniae

Byun HG, Kim Y, Lee JH, Lee J, Park KS

Aortic aneurysms infected by Klebsiella pneumoniae are rarely seen. We describe a 50-year-old man with infected aortic aneurysm that was successfully treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Diagnosis was confirmed...
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