J Korean Neurosurg Soc.  2022 Jan;65(1):22-29. 10.3340/jkns.2021.0064.

Outcomes of Mechanical Thrombectomy in Patients with Large Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Lesions

Affiliations
  • 1Busan Regional Cerebrovascular Center, Dong-A University Hospital, Busan, Korea
  • 2Department of Neurosurgery, Dong-A University Hospital, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea

Abstract


Objective
: Despite many advancements in endovascular treatment, the benefits of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with large infarctions remain uncertain due to hemorrhagic complications. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of recanalization via MT within 6 hours after stroke in patients with large cerebral infarction volumes (>70 mL).
Methods
: We retrospectively reviewed the medical data of 30 patients with large lesions on initial diffusion-weighted imaging (>70 mL) who underwent MT at our institution within 6 hours after stroke onset. Baseline data, recanalization rate, and 3-month clinical outcomes were analyzed. Successful recanalization was defined as a modified treatment in cerebral ischemia score of 2b or 3.
Results
: The recanalization rate was 63.3%, and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage occurred in six patients (20%). The proportion of patients with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores of 0–3 was significantly higher in the recanalization group than in the non-recanalization group (47.4% vs. 9.1%, p=0.049). The mortality rate was higher in the non-recanalization group, this difference was not significant (15.8% vs. 36.4%, p=0.372). In the analysis of 3-month clinical outcomes, only successful recanalization was significantly associated with mRS scores of 0–3 (90% vs. 50%, p=0.049). The odds ratio of recanalization for favorable outcomes (mRS 0–3) was 9.00 (95% confidence interval, 0.95–84.90; p=0.055).
Conclusion
: Despite the risk of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, successful recanalization via MT 6 hours after stroke may improve clinical outcomes in patients with large vessel occlusion.

Keyword

Cerebral infarction; Ischemia; Mechanical thrombectomy; Stroke; Magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion weighted
Full Text Links
  • JKNS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr