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Acute limb ischemia following perineal reconstruction in lithotomy position: take-home message for plastic surgeons

Sapino G, Deglise S, Raffoul W, Summa PGd

Despite the extensive use of lithotomy position in several plastic surgery procedures, most reports regarding the related incidence of complications are presented in the urologic, gynecologic, and anesthesiologic fields. We...
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Impairment of AMPK-α2 augments detrusor contractions in bladder ischemia

Yang JH, Niu W, Li Y, Azadzoi KM

Purpose: Ischemia disrupts cellular energy homeostasis. Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase alpha-2 (AMPK-α2) is a subunit of AMPK that senses cellular energy deprivation and signals metabolic stress. Our goal was to...
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Incidental Detection of Ischemic Myocardium on  68 Ga-FAPI PET/CT

Chandra P, Nath S,  Krishnamoorthy J, Sogunuru G

Recent studies using Ga-68-labeled fibroblast activation protein inhibitors (FAPI) PET have shown strong association between focal uptake of FAPI in myocardium and presence of coronary artery disease. We present an...
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Invasive and Non-Invasive Imaging for Ischaemia with No Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease

Ng MY, Tang HS, Wah Fong LC, Chan V, Senior R, Pennell DJ

Ischaemia with no obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA) affects up to 50% of patients referred for coronary angiography for suspected angina. Although originally thought to be benign, recent data shows...
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Whole body hypoxic preconditioning-mediated multiorgan protection in db/db mice via nitric oxide-BDNF-GSK-3β-Nrf2 signaling pathway

Li Y, Huang Y, Cheng X, He Y, Hu X

The beneficial effects of hypoxic preconditioning are abolished in the diabetes. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of repeated episodes of whole body hypoxic...
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Small Bowel Necrosis Associated with Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome: A Case Report

Lee HA, Kim SE, Jung DW, Byeon JR, Choe AR, Tae CH, Moon CM, Jung HK, Shim KN, Jung SA

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is a highly fatal condition characterized by widespread thromboembolism subsequent to a triggering factor (e.g., infection, trauma, and neoplasia) in antiphospholipid antibody-positive patients. This paper reports a...
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Distribution of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients Undergoing Endovascular Revascularization for Chronic Limb Threatening Ischaemia: Insights from the Vascular Quality Initiative in Singapore

Soon SXY, Patel A, Chong TT, Yap CJQ, Tay HT, Tay KH, Sivanathan C, Tang TY

This study aimed to examine the distribution of lower limb atherosclerotic lesions in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort with chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI) from Singapore. The Society for Vascular Surgery...
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Use of quantitative magnetic resonance angiography in patients with symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis who undergo stenting: Presentation of three cases

Serulle Y, Khatri D, Sy H, Yerneni S, Langer D, Ortiz R

Intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) is an important cause of ischemic stroke. The etiology of stroke in patients with ICAD could be due to several mechanisms including hypoperfusion, artery-to-artery embolism, and...
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Mid-Term Results of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair for Complicated Acute Type B Aortic Dissection at a Single Center

Hong YK, Chang WH, Goo DE, Oh HC, Park YW

Background: Complicated acute type B aortic dissection is a life-threatening condition with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to report a single-center experience with endovascular stent-graft...
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Evaluation of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness and Optic Nerve Head Parameters in Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Patients

Ngoo QZ, A NF, A B, WH WH

Purpose: To study the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients and their relationship with severity of the disease. Methods:...
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Diagnostic Approach to Angina Pectoris

Ahn JH, Hong YJ

Stable angina is a chronic, systemic disease with a wide range of associated symptoms and clinical outcomes. Prompt diagnosis can be challenging for clinicians. Typical chest pain caused by stable...
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Prediction of Early Recanalization after Intravenous Thrombolysis in Patients with Large-Vessel Occlusion

Kim YD, Nam HS, Yoo J, Park H, Sohn SI, Hong JH, Kim BM, Kim DJ, Bang OY, Seo WK, Chung JW, Lee KY, Jung YH, Lee HS, Ahn SH, Shin DH, Choi HY, Cho HJ, Baek JH, Kim GS, Seo KD, Kim SH, Song TJ, Kim J, Han SW, Park JH, Lee SI, Heo J, Choi JK, Heo JH, on behalf of the Thrombus Imaging Study Group and the SECRET Study Group

Background and Purpose We aimed to develop a model predicting early recanalization after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) treatment in large-vessel occlusion. Methods Using data from two different multicenter prospective cohorts,...
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Hydrogen sulfide restores cardioprotective effects of remote ischemic preconditioning in aged rats via HIF-1α/Nrf2 signaling pathway

Wang H, Shi X, Cheng L, Han J, Mu J

The present study explored the therapeutic potential of hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) in restoring aging-induced loss of cardioprotective effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) along with the involvement of signaling...
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Protective Role of Transduced Tat-Thioredoxin1 (Trx1) against Oxidative Stress-Induced Neuronal Cell Death via ASK1-MAPK Signal Pathway

Yeo EJ, Eum WS, Yeo HJ, Choi YJ, Sohn EJ, Kwon HJ, Kim DW, Kim DS, Cho SW, Park J, Han KH, Lee KW, Park JK, Shin MJ, Choi SY

Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the development of neuronal disorders including brain ischemic injury. Thioredoxin 1 (Trx1), a 12 kDa oxidoreductase, has anti-oxidant and anti-apoptotic functions in various...
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Predictive factors of death in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy receiving selective head cooling

Basiri B, Sabzehei M, sabahi M

Background: Severe perinatal asphyxia results in multiple organ involvement, neonate hospitalization, and eventual death. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the predictive factors of death in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)...
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Quercetin attenuates the reduction of parvalbumin in middle cerebral artery occlusion animal model

Park DJ, Kang JB, Shah FA, Koh PO

Background: Calcium is a critical factor involved in modulation of essential cellular functions. Parvalbumin is a calcium buffering protein that regulates intracellular calcium concentrations. It prevents rises in calcium concentrations...
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Association of Quantitative Flow Ratio with Lesion Severity and Its Ability to Discriminate Myocardial Ischemia

Dai N, Hwang D, Lee JM, Zhang J, Tong Y, Jeon KH, Paeng JC, Cheon GJ, Koo BK, Ge J

Background and Objectives: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is an angiography-based technique for functional assessment of coronary artery stenosis. This study investigated the response of QFR to different degree of stenosis...
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Long-Term Result of Tibioperoneal Trunk Bypass with an Autogenous Graft Using the Varicose Great Saphenous Vein for Acute Limb Ischemia

Kim HK, Hwang D, Huh S

For the management of acute limb ischemia (ALI) and multilevel arterial occlusive disease, tibial bypass using the saphenous vein has been considered a mainstay due to the long-term durability in...
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Usefulness of ischemia-modified albumin in the diagnosis of sepsis/septic shock in the emergency department

Choo SH, Lim YS, Cho JS, Jang JH, Choi JY, Choi WS, Yang HJ

Objective No studies have evaluated the diagnostic value of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) for the early detection of sepsis/septic shock in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). We aimed to...
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Optimizing Stem Cell Therapy after Ischemic Brain Injury

Zhang S, Lachance BB, Moiz B, Jia X

Stem cells have been used for regenerative and therapeutic purposes in a variety of diseases. In ischemic brain injury, preclinical studies have been promising, but have failed to translate results...
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