J Korean Crit Care Nurs.  2021 Feb;14(1):14-27. 10.34250/jkccn.2021.14.1.14.

Effects of Work Environment and Nursing Organizational Culture on Tertiary Hospital Nurses’ Turnover Intention

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant professor, College of Nursing⋅Institute for Health Science Research, Inje University
  • 2Assistant professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University

Abstract

Purpose
: This study examined the effects of work environment and organizational culture on tertiary hospital nurses’ turnover intention.

Methods
: A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 371 hospital nurses from 16 units of three tertiary hospitals in South Korea. Data were collected through a self-report survey conducted during September and October 2016. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, independent t-test, and binary logistic regression analysis.

Results
: A total of 43.7% of the participants were identified as having turnover intention within 1 year. Factors related to turnover intention among hospital nurses were age, marital status, and total clinical career. Furthermore, a relationship-oriented organizational culture showed a negative association with turnover intention.

Conclusion
: These findings suggest it is important to provide appropriate motivational programs and incentives for nurses according to their clinical career to decrease turnover intention. Moreover, establishing a relationship-oriented organizational culture will also help to reduce the turnover intention of tertiary hospital nurses.

Keyword

Nurse, Workplace, Organizational culture, Turnover intention
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