J Adv Prosthodont.  2021 Feb;13(1):36-45. 10.4047/jap.2021.13.1.36.

Fracture resistance of CAD-CAM all-ceramic surveyed crowns with different occlusal rest seat designs

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Purpose
To investigate the fracture resistance of monolithic CAD-CAM allceramic surveyed crowns with two different occlusal rest seat designs.
Materials and Methods
Two maxillary first premolar were prepared for all-ceramic surveyed crowns with wide (2/3 rd of buccolingual width of an unprepared tooth) or narrow (1/3rd of buccolingual width of an unprepared tooth) disto-occlusal rest seat (ORS) designs. Eighty monolithic CAD-CAM all-ceramic surveyed crowns were prepared and divided into 4 groups - Group CR, Composite resin material as a control; Group LDS, Lithium disilicate based material; Group ZIPS, zirconiamaterial (IPS ZirCAD); and Group ZLHT, zirconia- material (CeramillZolidht+). Crowns were cemented on an epoxy resin die with adhesive resin cement. The fracture resistance of crowns was tested with the universal machine. Univariate regression analysis was used.
Results
The mean ± standard deviation of maximum failure force values varied from 3476.10 ± 285.97 N for the narrow ORS subgroup of group ZIPS to 687.89 ± 167.63 N for the wide ORS subgroup of group CR. The mean ± standard deviation of maximum force was 1075 ± 77.0 N for group CR, 1309.3 ± 283.9 N for group LDS, 3476.1 ± 285.97 N for group ZIPS, and 2666.7 ± 228.21 N for group ZLHT, with narrow occlusal rest seat design. The results of the intergroup comparison showed significant differences in fracture strength with various material groups and occlusal rest seat designs (P<.001).
Conclusion
The zirconia-based all-ceramic surveyed crowns fractured at more than double the load of Lithium disilicate based crowns. The crowns with narrow base occlusal rest seat design had statistically significantly higher fracture resistance than surveyed crowns with wide occlusal rest seat design. The use of narrow occlusal rest seat design in CAD-CAM all ceramic surveyed crowns provides higher fracture resistance, and therefore narrow occlusal rest design can be used for providing esthetics with high strength

Keyword

CAD-CAM; Digital dentistry; Prosthodontics; Removable prosthodontics
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