J Vet Sci.  2019 Nov;20(6):e68. 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e68.

Functional analysis of prv-miR-LLT11a encoded by pseudorabies virus

Affiliations
  • 1College of Life Science, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.
  • 2College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China. chenluhau@126.com, ndcht@163.com

Abstract

Viral-encoded microRNAs (miRNAs) have vital roles in the regulation of virus replications and host immune responses. The results of previous studies have indicated that miRNA clusters are involved in the replication and virulence of the pseudorabies virus (PRV), which may potentially lead to immune escape or facilitation of PRV replication. This study's previous research revealed that prv-miR-LLT11a was differentially expressed during PRV infection. The present study's results have demonstrated that prv-miR-LLT11a could significantly inhibit PRV replication. It was further determined that SLA-1 was the target gene of prv-miR-LLT11a, and simultaneously, that overexpression of prv-miR-LLT11a could downregulate the mRNA and protein levels of SLA-1 in a dose-independent manner. Furthermore, the present study also observed that prv-miR-LLT11a can downregulate TAP1 expression. Our findings provide a better understanding of the molecular mechanism involved in the effects of prv-miR-LLT11a on SLA-1 and TAP1 as well as its involvement in immune system evasion of PRV.

Keyword

Pseudorabies virus; prv-miR-LLT11a; SLA-1

MeSH Terms

Herpesvirus 1, Suid*
Immune System
MicroRNAs
Pseudorabies*
RNA, Messenger
United Nations
Virulence
Virus Replication
MicroRNAs
RNA, Messenger
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