Asian Spine J.  2019 Oct;13(5):779-785. 10.31616/asj.2018.0322.

Investigation of Comorbidity, Trauma History, and Osteoporotic Fractures in the Postmenopausal Population: A Nationwide, Observational, and Cross-Sectional Study of Korean Orthopedic Outpatient Clinics

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. spinelee@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: A nationwide, observational, and cross-sectional study targeting postmenopausal patients from 62 orthopedic outpatient clinics in Korea between October 2010 and February 2011. PURPOSE: This study was carried out to investigate comorbidity, trauma history, and the status of osteoporotic fracture treatment in Korean postmenopausal women. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There has been little reports on the comorbidity, family history, trauma history, and treatment status of osteoporotic fractures in patients visiting the orthopedic outpatient clinics in Korea.
METHODS
A total of 1,255 postmenopausal women between the ages of 50 and 80 years were enrolled in the study and the population distribution was reflected by region. Comorbidity, familial history of osteoporosis, familial history of osteoporotic fracture, history of falls, and status of osteoporotic fracture management were evaluated using an interview and questionnaire. The relationship between family history of osteoporosis and bone mineral density was analyzed.
RESULTS
A number of patients (23%) had a family history of osteoporosis and 16.5% had a family history of fractures. Most (64.7%) of the patients had one or more comorbidities, including 58.8% exhibiting a chronic disease and 16.4% suffering from diseases that restrict exercise or walking. The results of the questionnaire indicated that 21.8% of these fracture patients had experienced a fracture previously and that the most common type of fracture was that of the spine. Lumbar spine bone mineral density was found to be lower in the presence of family history of osteoporosis.
CONCLUSIONS
Postmenopausal women are liable to have osteoporotic fractures due to the high prevalence of osteoporosis, a history of falling, and the comorbidity with diseases that restrict ambulation. A better understanding of postmenopausal women in the orthopedic outpatient settings is important to the management of osteoporotic fractures.

Keyword

Osteoporosis; Postmenopausal; Spinal fractures; Comorbidity; Trauma

MeSH Terms

Accidental Falls
Ambulatory Care Facilities*
Bone Density
Chronic Disease
Comorbidity*
Cross-Sectional Studies*
Demography
Female
Humans
Korea
Orthopedics*
Osteoporosis
Osteoporotic Fractures*
Outpatients*
Prevalence
Spinal Fractures
Spine
Walking
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