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Risk of Osteoporotic Fracture in Patients with Breast Cancer: Meta-Analysis

Lee S, Yoo JI, Lee YK, Park JW, Won S, Yeom J, Im JW, Lim SM, Ha YC, Koo KH

BACKGROUND: The fracture risk induced by anti-estrogen therapy in patients with breast cancer remains controversial. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis and systematic review to evaluate...
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Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracolumbar Fractures: Comparison of Results According to Implant Removal Time

Oh HS, Seo HY

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether restoration of range of motion (ROM) could be achieved by implant removal after natural bone healing and consolidation of fractured...
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Factors Impacting Mortality in Geriatric Patients with Acute Spine Fractures: A 12-Year Study of 613 Patients in Singapore

Soon EL, Leong AZ, Chiew J, Kaliya-Perumal AK, Yu CS, Oh JY

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database analysis. PURPOSE: To identify risk factors that predict mortality following acute spine fractures in geriatric patients of Singapore. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Acute geriatric spinal fractures contribute significantly to...
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Relationship between the Progression of Kyphosis in Thoracolumbar Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

Jun DS, Baik JM, Kwon HM

PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the progression of a kyphotic deformity and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in conservatively treated osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fracture patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Mechanically Relevant Anatomy of the Axis Vertebra and Its Relation to Hangman's Fracture: An Illustrated Essay

Menon VK

To describe the biomechanically relevant anatomy of the Axis vertebra and the load transfer patterns within the bone, and on that basis, to postulate its mechanism of injury, a literature...
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Comparison of Surgical Outcomes of the Posterior and Combined Approaches for Repair of Cervical Fractures in Ankylosing Spondylitis

Luksanapruksa P, Millhouse , Carlson V, Ariyawatkul T, Heller J, Kepler CK

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To evaluate surgical outcomes and complications of cervical spine fractures in ankylosing spondylitis (CAS) patients who were treated using either the posterior (P) or combined...
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Use of Cement-Augmented Percutaneous Pedicular Screws in the Management of Multifocal Tumoral Spinal Fractures

Afathi M, Mansouri N, Farah K, Benichoux , Blondel B, Fuentes S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series observational study. PURPOSE: Cancer patients are often aged and are further weakened by their illness and treatments. Our goal was to evaluate the efficiency and safety...
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The Relationship between the Occipitocervical Junction and Thoracic Kyphosis in Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Retrospective Cohort Study of 86 Cervical Fractures in Surgically Treated Patients

Manabe N, Covaro A, Bobinski L, Shimizu T, Olerud C, Robinson Y

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. PURPOSE: To describe the radiological characteristics of the occipitocervical area in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using the novel measure X-angle and to...
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Misdiagnosis of Thoracolumbar Posterior Ligamentous Complex Injuries and Use of Radiographic Parameter Correlations to Improve Detection Accuracy

Hartmann F, Nusselt T, Mattyasovszky S, Maier G, Rommens PM, Gercek E

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate radiological parameters as indicators for posterior ligamentous complex (PLC) injuries in the case of limited availability of magnetic resonance imaging. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Traumatic thoracolumbar...
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Three-Column Fracture in the Thoracolumbar Junction Caused by Low-Energy Trauma in a Patient with Baastrup Disease: A Case Report

Park IK, Lee JK, Seo JG

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of 3-column fracture caused by low-energy trauma in a patient with Baastrup disease who complained of acute radiating pain and motor weakness...
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Clinical Features and Treatment Outcomes of Acute Multiple Thoracic and Lumbar Spinal Fractures: A Comparison of Continuous and Noncontinuous Fractures

Cho Y, Kim YG

OBJECTIVE: The treatment of multiple thoracolumbar spine fractures according to fracture continuity has rarely been reported. Herein we evaluate the clinical features and outcomes of multiple thoracolumbar fractures depending on...
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Investigation of Comorbidity, Trauma History, and Osteoporotic Fractures in the Postmenopausal Population: A Nationwide, Observational, and Cross-Sectional Study of Korean Orthopedic Outpatient Clinics

Cho M, Moon SH, Lee JH, Lee JH

STUDY DESIGN: A nationwide, observational, and cross-sectional study targeting postmenopausal patients from 62 orthopedic outpatient clinics in Korea between October 2010 and February 2011. PURPOSE: This study was carried out to...
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Analysis of the Risk Factors for Unfavorable Radiologic Outcomes after Fusion Surgery in Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture : What Amount of Postoperative Thoracolumbar Kyphosis Correction is Reasonable?

Seo DK, Kim CH, Jung SK, Kim MK, Choi SJ, Park JH

OBJECTIVE: The aims in the management of thoracolumbar spinal fractures are not only to restore vertebral column stability, but also to obtain acceptable alignment of the thoracolumbar junction (T-L junction)...
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Safe Margin beyond Dens Tips to Ventral Dura in Anterior Odontoid Screw Fixation: Analysis of Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Scan of Odontoid Process

Sung MJ, Kim KT, Hwang JH, Sung JK, Cho DC

OBJECTIVE: Anterior odontoid screw fixation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of odontoid fractures. The surgical technique is recommended for perforation of the apical cortex of the...
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Surgical Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Stabilization for Spinal Fractures in Patients with Ankylosing Spinal Disorders

Kai K, Ikuta K, Masuda K, Kitamura T, Senba H, Shidahara

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of ankylosing spinal disorder (ASD) patients with spinal fractures treated by minimally invasive stabilization (MISt) using percutaneous pedicle...
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Airway management in a displaced comminuted fracture of the mandible and atlas with a vertebral artery injury: A case report

Paramaswamy R

Complex cervical spine fractures are a serious complications of maxillofacial trauma and associated with high mortality and neurological morbidity. Strict vigilance in preventing further insult to the cervical spine is...
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Prevalence of Frailty in Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture and Its Association with Numbers of Fractures

Kim HJ, Park S, Park SH, Park J, Chang BS, Lee CK, Yeom JS

PURPOSE: To assess the association between frailty and osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) and to evaluate the relationship between numbers of OVCFs and frailty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 760 subjects,...
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Importance of Bone Marrow and Soft Tissue Edema to Improve the Diagnostic Accuracy of Lumbosacral MRI for Transverse Process Fractures and Sacral Fractures

Kwon JA, Hwang JY, Kim MJ, Kwon HY, Kim DH

PURPOSE: To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings to improve the diagnostic accuracy for transverse process fractures and sacral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The lumbosacral MRI scans of 214 patients...
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Trend analysis of nasal bone fracture

Kim KS, Lee HG, Shin JH, Hwang JH, Lee SY

BACKGROUND: Nasal bone fractures occur frequently because the nasal bone is located at the forefront of the face. The goal of this study was to examine the cause, change in...
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Management of Andersson Lesion in Ankylosing Spondylitis Using the Posterior-Only Approach: A Case Series of 18 Patients

Shaik I, Bhojraj SY, Prasad G, Nagad PB, Patel PM, Kashikar A, Kumar N

STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted including 18 patients who underwent posterior-only stabilization and fusion procedure for pseudoarthrosis in the ankylosed spine from October 2007 to May 2015. PURPOSE: This...
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