Asian Spine J.  2015 Aug;9(4):625-628. 10.4184/asj.2015.9.4.625.

Post Pregnancy Severe Spinal Osteoporosis with Multiple Vertebral Fractures and Kyphoscoliosis in a Multigravida: A Rare Case with Management

Affiliations
  • 1Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Sancheti Hospital, Pune, India. orthokunal@yahoo.com

Abstract

Osteoporosis associated with pregnancy and lactation is a less commonly known condition and often overlooked. The prevalence, exact aetiology and its pathogenesis are unknown. It is commonly seen in first three months after delivery in primigravida. It is often undiagnosed because of it not suspected n and X-rays and densitometry are avoided if possible during pregnancy and lactation. If missed, it can lead to osteoporotic fractures and disability. In this paper, we report a case of a 24-year-old multigravida 4 months after pregnancy with multiple vertebral compression fractures and kyphoscoliosis. Her metabolic workup was normal but bone densitometry revealed severe osteoporosis of the dorso-lumbar spine. Immediate weaning and antiresorptives like bisphosphonates and teriparatide are used as first line drugs to manage postpartum spinal osteoporosis. Our patient presented at 4 month lactation and did not want to wean her infant, so she was treated with total contact orthosis and took vitamin D and calcium. The pain was relieved within 3 months but there was no improvement in bone density. After eight months when the infant was weaned, she was treated with teriparatide. After one year of teriparatide therapy, there were no new fractures and densitometry scores improved.

Keyword

Post-pregnancy; Osteoporosis; Spinal fractures; Teriparatide

MeSH Terms

Bone Density
Calcium
Densitometry
Diphosphonates
Female
Fractures, Compression
Humans
Infant
Lactation
Orthotic Devices
Osteoporosis*
Osteoporotic Fractures
Postpartum Period
Pregnancy*
Prevalence
Spinal Fractures
Spine
Teriparatide
Vitamin D
Weaning
Young Adult
Calcium
Diphosphonates
Teriparatide
Vitamin D
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