J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2019 Sep;30(3):271-280. 10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.3.271.

Effects of a Self-Care Reinforcement Program for Socially Vulnerable Elderly Women with Metabolic Syndrome in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Yeungnam University College, Daegu, Korea. mikyung@ync.ac.kr
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study evaluates the efficacy of a Self-Care Reinforcement Program (SCRP) based on the Selection Optimization Compensation (SOC) model, in socially vulnerable elderly women with metabolic syndrome.
METHODS
This study adopts a pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. The participants were 64 socially vulnerable elderly Korean women with metabolic syndrome (experimental group: 31, control group: 33). Participants' body composition analysis, nutrient intake, risk factors of metabolic syndrome, depressive symptoms, and social network were measured. Data were analyzed with an independent t-test; statistical significance levels were set at p<.05. The SCRP, including metabolic syndrome education, nutritional education, exercise, and social network, was performed three times a week for 8 weeks.
RESULTS
There were statistically significant differences between the experimental and control groups in terms of systolic blood pressure, diastolic pressure, fasting blood sugar, triglycerides, sodium intake, depressive symptoms, and social networks.
CONCLUSION
The SCRP is effective and can be recommended as a community health nursing intervention for socially vulnerable elderly women with metabolic syndrome.

Keyword

Metabolic syndrome; Vulnerable populations; Social networking; Nutrition assessment

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Blood Glucose
Blood Pressure
Body Composition
Community Health Nursing
Compensation and Redress
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Education
Fasting
Female
Humans
Korea*
Nutrition Assessment
Risk Factors
Self Care*
Social Networking
Sodium
Triglycerides
Vulnerable Populations
Blood Glucose
Sodium
Triglycerides
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