Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2019 Jun;10(3):177-186. 10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.3.09.

Morbidity Profile of Cases Attended Oncology Center of Mansoura University (OCMU), Egypt: A Cross-Sectional Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. m_fahmi@mans.edu.eg
  • 2Department of Medical Oncology, Oncology Center of Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.
  • 3Department of Surgical Oncology, Oncology Center of Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
In Egypt, the National Cancer Registry Program integrates hospital-based data from multiple Egyptian governorates to obtain representative rates. Unfortunately, Dakahlia (one of the largest Egyptian governorates) was not integrated in the National Cancer Registry Program. This research aimed to acquire malignancy rates from the Oncology Center of Mansoura University, which is one of the two oncology centers present in Dakalia Governorate in Egypt.
METHODS
Electronic records of patients who attended the Oncology Center of Mansoura University during 2016 were accessed with permission. Analysis was performed to extract diagnostic categories (age, gender, and geographic distribution of cases).
RESULTS
Most commonly diagnosed malignancies were breast cancer which represented about 10% of cases in the Oncology Center of Mansoura University during 2016. This was followed by leukemia (3.80%), lymphoma (3.59%), and liver cancer (3.44%). Diagnoses encountered included benign and malignant tumors as well as non-tumor diagnoses. The Mansoura district had the highest proportionate rate of breast cancer cases. Females in the age group ≥ 35 < 60 years had the highest incidence of malignancy cases across all diagnoses.
CONCLUSION
The burden of breast cancer in Mansoura district is high. Risk factors need further evaluation with a recommendation to perform an environmental risk assessment.

Keyword

oncology; cancer proportionate rates; geographic distribution
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