Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2019 Jun;10(3):123-136. 10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.3.03.

Impact of Cardiovascular Disease on Health Insurance Coverage and Healthcare Use under Economic Stress: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2012

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States. slai@jhmi.edu
  • 2Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.
  • 3Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics, Merrick School of Business, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, United States.
  • 4Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has a substantial financial impact on healthcare systems in the US. This study aimed to examine the impact of CVD on health insurance coverage and health service use under economic stress as indicated by the Great Recession in the US (December 2007-June 2009).
METHODS
Data of 26,483 adults aged ≥ 20 years from the 2003-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. There were 9,479 adults assigned to the group "before the Great Recession" (2003-2006), 5,674 adults assigned to "during the Great Recession" (2007-2008), and 11,330 adults assigned to "after the Great Recession" (2009-2012).
RESULTS
Patients with CVD from low-income families were more likely to have health insurance during the recession (OR:1.57, 95% CI: 1.01,2.45). Those participants without CVD, who were from low-income families or < 65 years, were more likely to use the emergency room rather than primary care facilities to gain access to routine healthcare (p < 0.05). Patients with CVD from high-income families were also more likely to use the emergency room (p < 0.05). Patients with CVD but not those without CVD, who reported a high family income or were ≥ 65 years old, were less likely to use mental health services during the recession than before the recession.
CONCLUSION
Effective strategies need to be developed to promote primary care use among the general adult American population. In addition, use of mental health services among patients with CVD needs to be improved when financial stress occurs.

Keyword

chronic disease; economic burden of disease; health insurance; health services
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