Yeungnam Univ J Med.  2018 Dec;35(2):244-247. 10.12701/yujm.2018.35.2.244.

Spontaneous migration of a congenital intratympanic membrane cholesteatoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. wjddk0731@naver.com

Abstract

Congenital intratympanic membrane cholesteatoma (ITMC) is a rare type of congenital cholesteatoma located within the tympanic membrane. This lesion tends to increase in size over time. The development of ITMC can cause several complications such as hearing impairment, dizziness, facial palsy, and intracranial complications, similar to any other cholesteatoma. The treatment of congenital cholesteatoma requires the removal of the lesion through surgery, because disease progression induces bony destruction of the nearby tissue. Most patients presenting with this cholesteatoma type are also treated with primary surgical removal. However, we recently experienced a case of an ITMC that showed a natural transition to an external auditory canal cholesteatoma.

Keyword

Congenital cholesteatoma; External auditory canal; Tympanic membrane
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