Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg.  2018 Aug;22(3):197-207. 10.14701/ahbps.2018.22.3.197.

Identifying the role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio as prognostic markers in patients undergoing resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Academic Surgery, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London, UK. alexgiakoustidis@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Surgery & Transplantation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
  • 3Department of Gynaecology-Oncology, The Royal London Hospital, London, UK.
  • 4Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London, UK.
  • 5Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK.
  • 6Department of Gynaecology-Oncology, The London Clinic, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS
It is important to point out that the identification of inflammation is an essential component of the pathogenesis and the progression of cancer. In this study, we analysed the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), with an overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), who were treated with a resection following or not following a procedure of neoadjuvant chemotherapy/chemoradiation. We intended to identify the significance of the role of NLR and PLR, as prognostic markers in patients undergoing surgery for PDAC.
METHODS
There were 127 patients enrolled in the study. The NLR and PLR were calculated on the basis of the pre-treatment blood cell count. An NLR>4 and a PLR >120 were considered to be elevated as measured. OS was analysed in relation to the NLR and PLR values, by using both the Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox-regression methods.
RESULTS
Both high the NLR and high PLR were associated with a decreased OS in the univariate analysis. In the multivariate analysis, the high NLR, but not the high PLR, was an independent predictor of a decreased OS. When we divided patients into three groups (group 1: normal both NLR and PLR, group 2: high NLR or high PLR, group 3: high both NLR and PLR), the three-years OS rates for these groups were 48%, 32%, 7% (p=0.001) respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
It is noted that the pre-treatment NLR is an independent adverse prognostic factor, and considered to be superior to the PLR, in patients who undergo a resection for PDAC following or not neoadjuvant chemotherapy/chemoradiation.

Keyword

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma; Inflammation; NLR; PLR; Prognostic factor

MeSH Terms

Adenocarcinoma*
Blood Cell Count
Humans
Inflammation
Multivariate Analysis
Pancreatic Ducts*
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