Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2018 Aug;9(4):150-159. 10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.03.

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Obesity Levels in Korean Adults: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007–2015

Affiliations
  • 1Center for Public Health, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea. sunmi7041@naver.com
  • 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Medicine, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The increase in the obesity rate in adult males in Korea is higher than countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and other Asian countries. We examined the trends and prevalence of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease by evaluating the weight status amongst adults from 2007 to 2015.
METHODS
The study included 37,402 adults, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The prevalence trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors were estimated for each body mass index group.
RESULTS
From 2007 to 2015, significant increases in the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia were observed in normal weight adults (0.03 percentage point (%p), 0.06%p, and 0.13%p, respectively). Amongst the overweight and obese adults, a significant increase in the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was observed, During this period, the prevalence of smoking decreased amongst obese adults and no significant changes in drinking habits and physical activity were noted across all body mass index groups.
CONCLUSION
The prevalence of obesity in Korean adults is increasing, and it is necessary to implement interventions to prevent further weight gain and obesity-associated cardiovascular disease.

Keyword

cardiovascular disease; health; obesity; prevalence; risk factors
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