J Clin Neurol.  2017 Oct;13(4):359-365. 10.3988/jcn.2017.13.4.359.

Ultrastructural Changes in Skeletal Muscle of Infants with Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Complex I Defects

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Health Sciences, Eulji University, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Epilepsy Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ymleemd@yuhs.ac

Abstract

BACKGROUND
AND PURPOSE: The pathogenesis of mitochondrial disease (MD) involves the disruption of cellular energy metabolism, which results from defects in the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex (MRC). We investigated whether infants with MRC I defects showed ultrastructural changes in skeletal muscle.
METHODS
Twelve infants were enrolled in this study. They were initially evaluated for unexplained neurodegenerative symptoms, myopathies, or other progressive multiorgan involvement, and underwent muscle biopsies when MD was suspected. Muscle tissue samples were subjected to biochemical enzyme assays and observation by transmission electron microscopy. We compared and analyzed the ultrastructure of skeletal muscle tissues obtained from patients with and without MRC I defects.
RESULTS
Biochemical enzyme assays confirmed the presence of MRC I defects in 7 of the 12 patients. Larger mitochondria, lipid droplets, and fused structures between the outer mitochondrial membrane and lipid droplets were observed in the skeletal muscles of patients with MRC I defects.
CONCLUSIONS
Mitochondrial functional defects in MRC I disrupt certain activities related to adenosine triphosphate synthesis that produce changes in the skeletal muscle. The ultrastructural changes observed in the infants in this study might serve as unique markers for the detection of MD.

Keyword

mitochondria; respiratory chain complex; infant; muscle pathology; ultrastructure; transmission electron microscopy
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